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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________
SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION
______________________________________

PROXY STATEMENT PURSUANT TO
SECTION 14(a) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

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Preliminary Proxy Statement
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Soliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12
FLUIDIGM CORPORATION

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April 14, 2021
Dear fellow stockholders,
One year ago, we joined the global life science community in responding to an extraordinary public health challenge. Today, Fluidigm is a company transformed.
Just as the COVID-19 pandemic had a profound impact on lives and families, it affected every aspect of our business. We found ourselves at the epicenter of the response, as government and medical institutions turned to Fluidigm for virus detection and immune profiling.
Seamless execution, as well as the agility to identify and seize new opportunities, were essential from the beginning. As the pandemic upended the global health care ecosystem, we worked to reinvent Fluidigm as a unique and disruptive force in life sciences.
The global health crisis was the catalyst for the transformation of our microfluidics franchise into a durable diagnostics platform. Concurrently, we moved our mass cytometry business closer to health care decision making, with great progress in publications, clinical studies and new collaborations.
As I write this letter in spring 2021, we are executing on a strategic framework we call Vision 2025, targeting long-term growth rates in both of our franchises exceeding 20 percent. We are focusing on innovation, establishing and mobilizing beachheads to expand into new addressable markets, and seeking collaborations to deliver enhanced value for our customers.
For 2020, we made significant gains on many fronts, delivering record-breaking revenue while navigating an incredibly turbulent operating environment.
We gained traction on our molecular diagnostics and immune research strategies, expanding our customer base and driving growth in our recurring revenue sources. In addition, we strengthened our balance sheet and secured new partnerships to build new capabilities, access new markets, and create new products.
Among our key achievements:
We saw strong demand for the Advanta™ Dx SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR Assay for COVID-19, our extraction-free, noninvasive, saliva-based test to detect nucleic acid from the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Our COVID-19 test received Emergency Use Authorization from the FDA in August 2020. In the second half of the year, our microfluidics business experienced strong revenue growth based on the sale of 2.2 million COVID-19 tests to numerous clinical labs and large public health and academic medical centers.
Fluidigm was awarded a contract with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a project under the NIH Rapid Acceleration of Diagnostics (RADx) program. The project encompasses expanding our production capacity and throughput capabilities for COVID-19 tests, with funding of up to $34.0 million upon achievement of various milestones.



We announced the next-generation of our Biomark™ microfluidics platform, offering industry-leading advantages in speed, throughput, flexibility, and cost, with launch set for summer 2021.
Mass cytometry moved closer to serving an essential role in health care decision making. Through January 2021, CyTOF® technology had been used in 129 clinical trials.
At year-end, total publications and reviews involving CyTOF technology exceeded 1,380, including 88 publications and reviews for Imaging Mass Cytometry™ and several publications that explored human immune response to COVID-19. Significant COVID-19 clinical research based on CyTOF included an NIH study utilizing the Company’s Maxpar® Direct™ Immune Profiling Assay™ to evaluate immune responses in pediatric COVID-19 patients.
On the leadership front, we welcomed Dr. Ana Stankovic to our Board of Directors. Dr. Stankovic brings more than 30 years of regulatory and diagnostics experience to the Board, providing invaluable advice and counsel to Fluidigm as we execute on Vision 2025.
Fluidigm was named to Greater Toronto’s Top Employers for 2021, our second straight year on that list, an honor that recognizes positive and engaging workplaces that inspire and motivate employees.
The events of 2020 confirmed our worldview that the traditional diagnostics market is fundamentally changing. This transformation is enabling companies like Fluidigm, with new testing strategies, new channels, high flexibility, efficiency, and rapid scaling, to capitalize on an enormous addressable market.
We are confident that we have the assets, the team, the vision, and the strategy to access the tremendous opportunity before us.
As always, we are committed to driving sustained growth and long-term value creation. Based on the lessons learned in 2020, and the extraordinary new opportunities we are pursuing, I am excited about the long-term future for Fluidigm. My thanks to our employees around the world who are creating that future, one day at a time.
Onward and upward.
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Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
President and Chief Executive Officer




NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This proxy statement and the accompanying materials contain forward-looking statements. All statements contained herein other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible future revenue and results of operations, business strategies and Vision 2025 plan, the potential to execute on collaborations to deliver enhanced value, expansion of our business, competitive position, industry environment, potential growth expectations, market growth expectations, product launch expectations, and the effects of competition and public health crises (including COVID-19) on our business. Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Factors that could materially affect our future results, performance, or achievements include, but are not limited to, the potential adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and operating results; interruptions or delays in the supply of components or materials for, or manufacturing of, our products resulting from the pandemic or other factors; challenges inherent in developing, manufacturing, launching, marketing, and selling new products; risks relating to reliance on sales of capital equipment for a significant proportion of revenues in each quarter; potential product performance and quality issues; the possible loss of key employees, customers, or suppliers; intellectual property risks; competition; uncertainties in contractual relationships; risks relating to company research and development, sales, marketing, and distribution plans and capabilities; reductions in research and development spending or changes in budget priorities by customers; seasonal variations in customer operations; unanticipated increases in costs or expenses; and risks associated with international operations. In addition, investors in Fluidigm should review the more detailed discussions of additional risks and uncertainties and other information affecting our business described under the caption “Risk factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 25, 2021 and in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.
Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
Fluidigm, the Fluidigm logo, Advanta, Biomark, CyTOF, Direct, Imaging Mass Cytometry, Immune Profiling Assay, and Maxpar are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Fluidigm Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks are the sole property of their respective owners.
The Advanta Dx SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR Assay is for In Vitro Diagnostic Use. It is for Use Under Emergency Use Authorization Only. Rx Only. It has not been FDA cleared or approved. It has been authorized by FDA under an EUA for use by authorized laboratories. It has been authorized only for the detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2, not for any other viruses or pathogens. It is only authorized for the duration of the declaration that circumstances exist justifying the authorization of emergency use of in vitro diagnostics for detection and/or diagnosis of COVID-19 under Section 564(b)(1) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360bbb-3(b)(1), unless the authorization is terminated or revoked sooner. Other Fluidigm products are For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.



2 Tower Place, Suite 2000
South San Francisco, California 94080
(650) 266-6000
April 14, 2021
Dear Stockholder:
You are cordially invited to attend the Annual Meeting of Stockholders of Fluidigm Corporation to be held on Tuesday, May 25, 2021 at 8:30 a.m., Pacific time, at the Genesis SSF Performing Arts Center, located at 1 Tower Place, South San Francisco, California 94080. At the meeting, we will be voting on the matters described in the attached formal meeting notice and proxy statement.
This year, we are again taking advantage of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rules that allow companies to furnish proxy materials to their stockholders over the Internet. This process allows us to provide our stockholders with the information they need in a timely manner, while reducing the environmental impact of printing and distributing our proxy materials and lowering our costs.
On or about April 15, 2021, we expect to mail to our stockholders a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the “Notice”) containing instructions on how to access the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The Notice also provides instructions for voting online or by telephone, as well as information on how to receive a paper copy of the proxy materials by mail.
Your vote is very important. Whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting and regardless of the number of shares you own, it is important that your shares be represented. We hope you will vote as soon as possible via the Internet, by telephone, or—if you requested a paper copy of the proxy materials by mail—by mailing a completed, signed, and dated proxy card in the envelope provided. Any stockholder who attends the meeting may vote in person, even if he or she has already voted online, by telephone, or by mail.
Thank you for your continued support of Fluidigm. We look forward to seeing you at our Annual Meeting.
Sincerely,
Nicholas S. Khadder
Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and
Corporate Secretary



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FLUIDIGM CORPORATION
2 Tower Place, Suite 2000
South San Francisco, California 94080
(650) 266-6000


NOTICE OF 2021 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
Time and Date8:30 a.m., Pacific time, on Tuesday, May 25, 2021
PlaceGenesis SSF Performing Arts Center
1 Tower Place, South San Francisco, California 94080
Items of BusinessTo elect the three nominees for Class II director named in this proxy statement, each to hold office until our 2024 annual meeting of stockholders or until his or her successor is duly elected and qualified.
To vote, on an advisory basis, to approve the compensation of our named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2020, as set forth in this proxy statement.
To vote on an amendment of our 2011 Equity Incentive Plan to increase the shares reserved thereunder and to make certain other changes.
To ratify the appointment of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021.
To transact any other business that may properly come before the 2021 Annual Meeting.
Adjournments and PostponementsAny action on the items of business described above may be considered at the Annual Meeting at the time and on the date specified above or at any time and date to which the Annual Meeting may be properly adjourned or postponed.
Record DateYou are entitled to vote only if you were a Fluidigm stockholder of record as of the close of business on the record date, March 31, 2021.
Meeting AdmissionYou are entitled to attend the Annual Meeting only if you were a Fluidigm stockholder as of the close of business on the record date or otherwise hold a valid proxy for the Annual Meeting. If you are not a stockholder of record but hold shares through a broker, bank, trustee, or nominee (i.e., in “street name”), you should provide proof of your beneficial ownership as of the record date, such as your most recent account statement prior to the record date, a copy of the voting instruction card provided by your broker, bank, trustee, or nominee, or similar evidence of ownership.
Annual ReportYou may access our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and our proxy solicitation materials by visiting www.proxyvote.com. Our 2020 Annual Report is not a part of the proxy solicitation materials.
VotingYour vote is very important. Whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting, we encourage you to read the proxy statement accompanying this notice and submit your proxy or voting instructions as soon as possible. For specific instructions on how to vote your shares, please refer to the instructions in the section entitled “General Information” beginning on page 1 of the proxy statement accompanying this notice, or provided in the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials.
This notice of our Annual Meeting of Stockholders and the accompanying proxy statement and form of proxy are being distributed and made available on or about April 15, 2021.



https://cdn.kscope.io/e76c286b14d0e16016bbedb2280462b2-fluidlogopinkblackrgba011.jpgPROXY STATEMENT
FOR 2021 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
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FLUIDIGM CORPORATION
2 Tower Place, Suite 2000
South San Francisco, California 94080


PROXY STATEMENT


FOR THE 2021 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
to be held on Tuesday, May 25, 2021


GENERAL INFORMATION
In this proxy statement: the terms “we,” “our,” “Fluidigm,” and the “Company” each refer to Fluidigm Corporation; the term “Board” means our Board of Directors; and the term “proxy materials” means this proxy statement and the form of proxy. These proxy materials are furnished in connection with the solicitation by our Board of proxies to be voted at our 2021 annual meeting of stockholders, which will take place on Tuesday, May 25, 2021 at 8:30 a.m., Pacific time, at the Genesis SSF Performing Arts Center located at 1 Tower Place, South San Francisco, California 94080, and any postponements, adjournments or continuations thereof (the “Annual Meeting”).
The information provided in the “question and answer” format below is for your convenience only and is merely a summary of the information contained in this proxy statement. You should read this entire proxy statement carefully. Information contained on or accessible through our website is not intended to be incorporated by reference into this proxy statement and references to our website in this proxy statement are intended to be inactive textual references only.
1.Why did I receive a notice regarding the availability of proxy materials on the Internet instead of a full set of proxy materials?
Under rules adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), we have elected to furnish our proxy materials to our stockholders primarily via the Internet, instead of mailing printed copies of the proxy materials to each stockholder. On or about April 15, 2021, we expect to mail to our stockholders a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the “Notice”) containing instructions on how to access our proxy materials and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 via the Internet and how to vote your proxy. If you receive the Notice, you will not automatically receive a printed copy of our proxy materials in the mail. If you would like to receive a printed copy, please follow the instructions provided in the Notice.
Our 2021 proxy materials and our 2020 Annual Report are accessible at: www.proxyvote.com
2.What information is contained in this proxy statement?
The information in this proxy statement relates to the proposals to be voted on at the Annual Meeting, the voting process, the compensation of our directors and most highly paid executive officers, our corporate governance policies, information on our Board, and certain other required information.
3.What items of business will be voted on at the Annual Meeting?
The items of business scheduled to be voted on at the Annual Meeting are as follows:
the election of the three nominees for Class II director named in this proxy statement, each to hold office until our 2024 annual meeting of stockholders or until his or her successor is duly elected and qualified;
to vote, on an advisory basis, to approve the compensation of our named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2020, as set forth in this proxy statement;
to vote on an amendment of our 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (“2011 Plan”) to increase the number of shares reserved thereunder and to make certain other changes; and
to ratify the appointment of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”) as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021.
We will also transact any other business that properly comes before the Annual Meeting.
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4.How does the Board recommend that I vote?
Our Board recommends that you vote your shares:
“FOR” the nominees for Class II director named in this proxy statement;
“FOR” approval of the compensation of our named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2020, on an advisory basis;
“FOR” approval of the amendment of our 2011 Plan to increase the shares reserved thereunder and to make certain other changes; and
“FOR” the ratification of the appointment of PwC as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021.
5.What is a proxy?
A proxy is your legal designation of another person to vote the stock you own, in the event that you are unable to cast your vote directly at the meeting. The person you designate is your “proxy,” and you give the proxy authority to vote your shares at the meeting—according to your instructions—by submitting your voting instructions online, by telephone, or via a physical proxy card. We have designated our President and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), Stephen Christopher Linthwaite, and our Chief Financial Officer, Vikram Jog, to serve as proxies for the Annual Meeting.
6.What shares can I vote?
Each share of our common stock issued and outstanding as of the close of business on March 31, 2021, the record date for our 2021 Annual Meeting, is entitled to vote on all items being considered at the Annual Meeting. You may vote all shares owned by you as of the record date, including (i) shares held directly in your name as the stockholder of record and (ii) shares you own through an account with a broker, bank, trustee, or other intermediary, sometimes referred to as owning in “street name.” On the record date, we had 74,962,847 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
7.How many votes am I entitled to per share?
For all matters described in this proxy statement for which your vote is being solicited, each holder of shares of common stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held by such holder as of the record date.
8.What is the difference between holding shares as a stockholder of record and as a beneficial owner?
Many stockholders beneficially own shares held in “street name” by a broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee rather than holding the shares directly in their own name. As summarized below, there are some distinctions between shares held of record and those owned beneficially.
Stockholder of Record. If your shares are registered directly in your name with our transfer agent, Computershare Trust Company, N.A., you are considered the stockholder of record with respect to those shares, and the Notice was sent directly to you by our mailing agent. As the stockholder of record, you have the right to grant your voting proxy directly to our designated proxies or to vote in person at the Annual Meeting. You may vote online or by telephone as described below under the heading “How can I vote my shares without attending the Annual Meeting?” and on the Notice. If you requested a printed copy of the proxy materials, you may also vote by mail by following the instructions on your proxy card.
Beneficial Owner. If your shares are held in a brokerage account or by another intermediary, you are considered the beneficial owner of shares held in street name, and the Notice was forwarded to you by your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee. As the beneficial owner, you have the right to direct your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee how to vote your shares, and you are also invited to attend the Annual Meeting.
Since a beneficial owner is not the stockholder of record, you may not vote your shares in person at the Annual Meeting unless you obtain a “legal proxy” from the broker, bank, trustee or nominee that holds your shares giving you the right to vote the shares at the meeting. If you are a beneficial owner and do not wish to vote in person or you will not be attending the Annual Meeting, you may vote by following the instructions provided by your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee.
9.How can I contact Fluidigm’s transfer agent?
Contact our transfer agent by writing Computershare Trust Company, N.A., 462 South 4th Street, Suite 1600, Louisville, KY 40202. You may also contact our transfer agent by calling (800) 662-7232 or (781) 575-2879 or via its Investor Center at https://www-us.computershare.com/Investor/Contact.
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10.How can I attend the Annual Meeting?
You are entitled to attend the Annual Meeting only if you were a Fluidigm stockholder as of the record date or you hold a valid proxy for the Annual Meeting. If you are not a stockholder of record but beneficially own shares held in street name, you should provide proof of beneficial ownership as of the record date, such as your most recent account statement prior to March 31, 2021, together with a copy of the voting instruction card provided by your broker, bank, trustee or nominee, or other similar evidence of ownership.
If you do not comply with the procedures outlined above, you may not be admitted to the Annual Meeting.
Please let us know if you plan to attend the meeting by indicating your plans when prompted if you vote online or by telephone, or by marking the appropriate box on your proxy card if you vote by mail.
11.Will the Annual Meeting be webcast?
No.
12.How can I vote my shares in person at the Annual Meeting?
Shares held in your name as the stockholder of record may be voted by you in person at the Annual Meeting. Shares owned beneficially and held in street name may be voted by you in person at the Annual Meeting only if you obtain a legal proxy from the broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee that holds your shares giving you the right to vote the shares. Even if you plan to attend the Annual Meeting, we recommend that you also submit your proxy or voting instructions as described below so that your vote will be counted if you later decide not to attend the meeting.
13.How can I vote my shares without attending the Annual Meeting?
By telephone or via the Internet
If you are a stockholder of record, you may vote by following the telephone or Internet voting instructions on your Notice.
If you are a beneficial owner of shares, your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee may make telephone or Internet voting available to you. The availability of telephone and Internet voting for beneficial owners will depend on the voting processes of your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee. Therefore, we recommend that you follow the voting instructions in the materials you receive.
By mail, if you requested a printed copy of the proxy materials
If you are a stockholder of record, complete, sign and date the enclosed proxy card or voting instruction card and return it in the return envelope provided (which is postage prepaid if mailed in the United States). If the prepaid envelope is missing, please mail your completed proxy card to Vote Processing, c/o Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., 51 Mercedes Way, Edgewood, NY 11717.
If you are a stockholder of record and you return your signed proxy card but do not indicate your voting preferences, the persons named in the proxy card as proxy holders—Stephen Christopher Linthwaite and Vikram Jog—will vote the shares represented by your proxy card as recommended by our Board.
If you are a beneficial owner of shares and you requested a printed copy of the proxy materials from your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee, simply complete the proxy card and mail it according to the instructions provided by your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee.
You may attend the Annual Meeting in person even if you have already voted by proxy.
14.Can I change my vote or revoke my proxy?
You may change your vote at any time prior to the taking of the vote at the Annual Meeting. If you are the stockholder of record, you may change your vote by (i) granting a new proxy bearing a later date (which automatically revokes the earlier proxy) using any of the methods described above (and until the applicable deadline for each method), (ii) providing a written notice of revocation to our corporate secretary at Fluidigm Corporation, 2 Tower Place, Suite 2000, South San Francisco, California 94080, Attn: Corporate Secretary, prior to your shares being voted, or (iii) attending the Annual Meeting and voting in person. Attendance at the meeting will not cause your previously granted proxy to be revoked unless you specifically so request. For shares held in street name, you may change your vote by submitting new voting instructions to your broker, bank, trustee, or nominee following the instructions they provided or, if you have obtained a legal proxy from your broker, bank, trustee, or nominee giving you the right to vote your shares, by attending the Annual Meeting and voting in person.
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15.Is there a list of stockholders entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting?
The names of stockholders of record entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting will be available at the Annual Meeting and from our corporate secretary for ten days prior to the meeting for any purpose germane to the meeting, between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., at our corporate headquarters at 2 Tower Place, Suite 2000, South San Francisco, California 94080.
16.Is my vote confidential?
Proxy instructions, ballots, and voting tabulations that identify individual stockholders are handled in a manner that protects your voting privacy. Your vote will not be disclosed either within Fluidigm or to third parties, except as necessary to meet applicable legal requirements, to allow for the tabulation of votes and certification of the vote, or to facilitate a successful proxy solicitation.
17.How many shares must be present or represented to conduct business at the Annual Meeting?
Holders of a majority of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock as of the record date must be present in person or represented by proxy, also referred to as a quorum, to hold and transact business at the Annual Meeting. Abstentions and “broker non-votes” are counted as present and entitled to vote for purposes of determining a quorum. A “broker non-vote” occurs when a broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee holding shares for a beneficial owner does not vote on a particular proposal because that holder does not have discretionary voting power for that particular item and has not received voting instructions from the beneficial owner. If there is no quorum, the chairperson of the meeting or the holders of a majority of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock present at the Annual Meeting may adjourn the meeting to another date.
18.What is the voting requirement to approve each of the proposals?
ProposalVote Required
Discretionary Voting Allowed?
Election of Class II DirectorsPlurality of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the election of directorsNo
Advisory Vote on Approval of Executive CompensationMajority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the subject matterNo
Approval of the Amended 2011 Equity Incentive PlanMajority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the subject matterNo
Ratification of Appointment of PwC for the year ending December 31, 2021Majority of the shares of our common stock present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the subject matterYes

If you are a beneficial owner, your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee is permitted to vote your shares on the ratification of the appointment of PwC as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021, even if the record holder does not receive voting instructions from you. However, your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee does not have discretionary authority to vote on the election of the Class II directors without instructions from you, in which case a broker non-vote will occur and your shares will not be voted on this matter. In addition, discretionary voting is not allowed with respect to the advisory vote to approve the compensation of our named executive officers or the proposal seeking the approval of our amended 2011 Plan. Accordingly, if you are a beneficial owner, it is particularly important that you provide your instructions for voting your shares on the election of the Class II directors, the advisory vote on approval of executive compensation, and the approval of our amended 2011 Plan to your broker, bank, trustee, or other nominee.
Election of Class II Directors
The election of directors requires a plurality vote of the shares of our common stock present in person or by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote thereon to be approved. Therefore, the three nominees receiving the highest number of affirmative “FOR” votes will be elected as Class II directors. You may (i) vote “FOR” all nominees, (ii) “WITHHOLD” your vote as to all nominees, or (iii) vote “FOR ALL EXCEPT” for those specific nominees from whom you withhold your vote. A properly executed proxy card marked “WITHHOLD” or “FOR ALL EXCEPT” will not be voted with respect to the election of the applicable Class II director(s) although it will be counted for purposes of determining whether there is a quorum. Abstentions and broker non-votes will not affect the outcome of the election of the Class II directors.
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Advisory Vote on Approval of Executive Compensation
The affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the proposal is required to approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation awarded to our named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2020. You may vote “FOR,” “AGAINST,” or “ABSTAIN” on this proposal. Abstentions have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes are not included in the tabulation of voting results on this proposal, and will not affect the outcome of voting on this proposal. Although the vote is non-binding, our Board and our Compensation Committee value the opinions of our stockholders in this matter and, to the extent there is any significant vote against the named executive officer compensation as disclosed in this proxy statement, we will endeavor to communicate with stockholders to better understand the concerns that influenced the vote, consider our stockholders’ concerns and the Compensation Committee will evaluate whether any actions are necessary to address those concerns.
Approval of Amended 2011 Equity Incentive Plan
The affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote thereon is required to approve an amendment to our 2011 Plan. You may vote “FOR,” “AGAINST,” or “ABSTAIN” on this proposal. Abstentions have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes are not deemed to be votes cast, are not included in the tabulation of voting results on this proposal, and will not affect the outcome of voting on this proposal.
Ratification of Appointment of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
The affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the proposal is required to ratify the appointment of PwC as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021. You may vote “FOR,” “AGAINST,” or “ABSTAIN” on this proposal. Abstentions have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes are not included in the tabulation of voting results on this proposal, and will not affect the outcome of voting on this proposal. Notwithstanding the appointment of PwC and even if our stockholders ratify the appointment, our Audit Committee, in its discretion, may appoint another independent registered public accounting firm at any time during our fiscal year if our Audit Committee believes that such a change would be in the best interests of our Company and our stockholders.
19.Interest of Executive Officers and Directors
None of our executive officers or directors has any substantial interest in any matter to be acted upon, other than (i) our directors, with respect to the election to office of the directors so nominated; and (ii) our directors and executive officers with respect to the amendment to our 2011 Plan, in which such directors and executive officers are eligible to participate.
20.What happens if additional matters are presented at the Annual Meeting?
Other than the items of business described in this proxy statement, we are not aware of any other business to be acted upon at the Annual Meeting. If you grant a proxy, the persons named as proxy holders, Stephen Christopher Linthwaite and Vikram Jog, or either of them, will have the discretion to vote your shares on any additional matters properly presented for a vote at the meeting. If for any reason a Class II director nominee is not available as a candidate for director, the persons named as proxy holders will vote your proxy for such other candidate as may be nominated by our Board.
21.Who will count the votes?
A representative of our mailing agent, Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Broadridge”), will tabulate the votes and act as inspector of elections.
22.Who will bear the cost of soliciting votes for the Annual Meeting?
We will pay the entire cost of preparing, assembling, printing, mailing, and distributing these proxy materials and soliciting votes. In addition to the mailing of these proxy materials, the solicitation of proxies or votes may be made in person, by telephone, or by electronic communication by our directors, officers, and employees, who will not receive any additional compensation for such solicitation activities. We may also reimburse brokerage firms, banks, trustees, and other nominees for the cost of forwarding proxy materials to beneficial owners. We have hired Alliance Advisors, LLC (“Alliance Advisors”) to help us solicit proxies. We expect to pay Alliance Advisors a base fee of $7,500 plus reimbursement of reasonable out-of-pocket expenses. Proxy solicitations will be made primarily through the mail, but may be supplemented by telephone, facsimile, Internet, or personal solicitation by Alliance Advisors.
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23.Where can I find the voting results of the Annual Meeting?
We will announce preliminary voting results at the Annual Meeting. We will also disclose voting results on a Current Report on Form 8-K (a “Form 8-K”) filed with the SEC within four business days after the Annual Meeting. If final voting results are not available to us in time to file a Form 8-K within four business days after the Annual Meeting, we will file a Form 8-K to publish preliminary results and, within four business days after final results are known, file an additional Form 8-K to publish the final results.
24.What is “householding” and how does it affect me?
We have adopted a procedure approved by the SEC called “householding.” Under this procedure, stockholders of record who have the same address and last name will receive only one copy of the Notice unless one or more of these stockholders notifies us that they wish to receive individual copies. Stockholders who participate in householding will continue to be able to request and receive separate proxy cards. This procedure will reduce our printing costs and postage fees.
If you are eligible for householding but you and other stockholders of record with whom you share an address received multiple copies of the Notice, or if you hold stock in more than one account, and, in either case, you wish to receive only a single copy of the Notice for your household, please contact our mailing agent, Broadridge, either by calling (800) 579-1639, via the Internet at http://www.proxyvote.com, or via email at sendmaterial@proxyvote.com.
If you participate in householding and wish to receive a separate copy of the Notice, or if you do not wish to continue to participate in householding and prefer to receive separate copies in the future, please contact Broadridge as indicated above.
Upon request, we will promptly deliver a separate copy of the Notice and, if applicable, the proxy materials to any stockholder at a shared address to which we delivered a single copy of any of these documents.
Beneficial owners can request information about householding from their broker, banks, trustee, or other nominee.
25.What is the deadline to propose actions for consideration at next year’s annual meeting of stockholders or to nominate individuals to serve as directors?
Stockholder Proposals
Stockholders may present proper proposals for inclusion in our proxy statement and for consideration at the next annual meeting of stockholders by submitting their proposals in writing to our corporate secretary in a timely manner. For a stockholder proposal to be considered for inclusion in our proxy statement for our next annual meeting of stockholders, our corporate secretary must receive the written proposal at our principal executive offices not later than December 16, 2021; provided, however, that in the event that we hold our 2022 annual meeting of stockholders more than 30 days before or 60 days after the one-year anniversary date of the 2021 Annual Meeting, we will disclose the new deadline by which stockholder proposals must be received under Item 5 of our earliest possible Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or, if impracticable, by any means reasonably calculated to inform stockholders. In addition, stockholder proposals must otherwise comply with the requirements of Rule 14a-8 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Such proposals also must comply with SEC regulations under Rule 14a-8 regarding the inclusion of stockholder proposals in company-sponsored proxy materials. Proposals should be addressed to:
Fluidigm Corporation
Attn: Corporate Secretary
2 Tower Place, Suite 2000
South San Francisco, California 94080
Our bylaws also establish an advance notice procedure for stockholders who wish to present a proposal before an annual meeting of stockholders, but do not intend for the proposal to be included in our proxy statement. Our bylaws provide that the only business that may be conducted at an annual meeting is business that is (i) specified in the Company’s proxy materials with respect to such meeting, (ii) otherwise properly brought before the meeting by or at the direction of our Board, or (iii) properly brought before the meeting by a stockholder of record entitled to vote at the annual meeting who has delivered timely written notice to our corporate secretary, which notice must contain the information specified in our bylaws. To be timely for our 2022 annual meeting of stockholders, our corporate secretary must receive the written notice at our principal executive offices:
not earlier than January 30, 2022, and
not later than March 1, 2022.
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In the event that we hold our 2022 annual meeting of stockholders more than 30 days before or more than 60 days after the one-year anniversary date of the 2021 Annual Meeting, then notice of a stockholder proposal that is not intended to be included in our proxy statement must be received no earlier than the close of business on the 120th day before the 2022 annual meeting and no later than the close of business on the later of the following two dates:
•    the 90th day prior to the 2022 annual meeting, or
•    the 10th day following the day on which public announcement of the date of such meeting is first made.
If a stockholder who has notified us of his, her or its intention to present a proposal at an annual meeting does not appear to present such proposal at such meeting, we are not required to present the proposal for a vote at the meeting.
Nomination of Director Candidates
Our bylaws permit stockholders to nominate directors for election at an annual meeting of stockholders. To nominate a director, the stockholder must provide the information required by our bylaws. In addition, the stockholder must give timely notice to our corporate secretary in accordance with our bylaws, which, in general, require that the notice be received by our corporate secretary within the time described above under “Stockholder Proposals” for stockholder proposals that are not intended to be included in our proxy statement.
In addition, it is the policy of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee to consider recommendations for candidates to the Board from stockholders holding not less than one percent (1%) of the outstanding shares of our common stock continuously for at least twelve months prior to the date of submission of the recommendation or nomination. Any such recommendations should include the nominee’s name and qualifications for membership on our Board, and should be directed to our corporate secretary at our address set forth above. For additional information regarding stockholder recommendations for director candidates, please see the section entitled “Corporate Governance and Board of Directors — Process for Recommending Candidates to the Board of Directors.”
Availability of Bylaws
Our bylaws are available on our website at https://investors.fluidigm.com/corporate-governance/governance-overview. You may also contact our corporate secretary at our principal executive offices for a copy of the relevant bylaw provisions regarding the requirements for making stockholder proposals and nominating director candidates.
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CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Corporate Governance Principles
Our Board has adopted a set of principles that establish the corporate governance policies pursuant to which the Board intends to conduct its oversight of our business in accordance with its fiduciary responsibilities. Among other things, these corporate governance principles address the establishment and operation of Board committees, the role of our chairman, and matters relating to director independence and performance assessments. Our corporate governance principles can be found on our website at https://investors.fluidigm.com by clicking on GovernanceGovernance Overview.
Role and Composition of the Board
As identified in our corporate governance principles, the role of our Board is to oversee the performance of our CEO and other senior management. Our Board is responsible for hiring, overseeing, and evaluating management, while management is responsible for running our day-to-day operations.
Our Board currently has seven members and is divided into three staggered classes of directors. The Board is nominating three nominees for election as Class II directors.
The following table sets forth the names, ages as of March 31, 2021, and certain other information for each of our current directors:
NameClassAgePosition
Director
Since
Current
Term
Expires
Expiration
of Term
For Which
Nominated
Nicolas M. Barthelemy(1)(2)
I
55
Director
20172023
Bill W. Colston(1)
I
53
Director
20192023
Gerhard F. Burbach(1)(2)(3)
II
59
Director
201320212024
Carlos Paya(3)
II
62
Chairman
201720212024
Ana K. Stankovic(2)(3)
II64Director202020212024
Laura M. Clague(2)
III
62
Director
20182022
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
III
49President, CEO, and Director20162022
_______________________
(1)    Member of our Compensation Committee
(2)    Member of our Audit Committee
(3)    Member of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
At each annual meeting of stockholders, a class of directors is elected for a term of three years to succeed the class of directors whose terms are then expiring. The terms of the directors will expire upon the election and qualification of successor directors at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held during the years 2023 for the Class I directors, 2024 for the Class II directors, and 2022 for the Class III directors.
2020 Board Meetings
During 2020, our Board held thirteen (13) meetings. All of our directors attended at least 75% of the aggregate number of meetings of the Board and of the committees on which they served during the past fiscal year, in each case during the period that he or she served as a director.
Director Attendance at Annual Meeting of Stockholders
Although we do not have a formal policy regarding attendance by members of our Board at annual meetings of stockholders, we encourage all directors to attend. Five of the then-seven members of our Board attended our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders.
Board Leadership Structure
Our corporate governance principles provide that the Board will fill the chairman and CEO positions based upon the Board’s view of what is in our best interests at any point in time. Although our current chairman is a non-employee director, the Board has not adopted any policy requiring separation of the chairman and CEO positions or requiring allocation of the
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chairman position to a non-employee director. Dr. Carlos Paya, an independent director with substantial board and executive leadership experience, currently serves as our chairman. In addition to Fluidigm, Dr. Paya currently serves on the board of directors of Mallinckrodt plc (OTC:MNKKQ) and as chairman of the board of Highlight Therapeutics S.L., a privately held immuno-oncology company. Our Board believes that Dr. Paya’s qualifications to serve as chairman include his experience as a trained immunologist, infectious disease expert and physician, combined with his operating experience as an executive and chief executive officer in the life sciences industry.
Separating the positions of the chairman and CEO allows our CEO to focus on our day-to-day business, while allowing our chairman to lead our Board in its fundamental role providing independent advice to and oversight of management. The Board believes that having an independent director serve as chairman is the appropriate leadership structure for Fluidigm at this time and demonstrates our commitment to good corporate governance.
Director Independence
As a company listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”), we are required by the Nasdaq listing requirements to maintain a board of directors comprising a majority of “independent directors,” as determined affirmatively by our Board. In addition, the Nasdaq rules require that, subject to specified exceptions, each member of our Audit, Compensation, and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees be independent. In April 2021, our Board undertook a review of the independence of our directors and considered whether any director has a material relationship with us that could compromise his or her ability to exercise independent judgment in carrying out his or her responsibilities. As a result of this review, our Board determined that a majority of our directors are “independent directors” as defined under applicable Nasdaq rules, including Nicolas M. Barthelemy, Gerhard F. Burbach, Laura M. Clague, Bill W. Colston, Carlos Paya, and Ana K. Stankovic. Stephen Christopher Linthwaite is not considered an independent director because of his positions as our President and CEO. There are no family relationships among any of our directors and officers.
Executive Sessions of Independent Directors
In order to promote open discussion among independent directors, our Board has a policy of conducting executive sessions of independent directors during each regularly scheduled board meeting and at such other times as requested by an independent director. These executive sessions are chaired by our chairman. Mr. Linthwaite does not participate in such sessions.
Board’s Role in Risk Oversight
While our management team is responsible for the day-to-day management of the risks Fluidigm faces, our Board has the responsibility to oversee management’s processes for identifying, monitoring, and addressing enterprise risks, evaluate and discuss with management its assessments of matters relating to enterprise risks, and oversee and monitor management’s plans to address such risks. The Board takes an enterprise-wide approach to risk management designed to support the achievement of organizational objectives, including strategic objectives, to improve long-term organizational performance, and to enhance stockholder value. In order to understand the most significant risks faced by the Company and the steps being taken to manage those risks, Fluidigm conducts quarterly enterprise risk management assessments, facilitated by the Company’s executive leadership team in collaboration with the internal audit function, which are presented by management at each quarterly Board meeting. The Board’s review of our business is an integral aspect of its assessment of management’s tolerance for risk and its determination as to the appropriate level of risk for our Company.
Although the Board has determined that enterprise risk management should be the responsibility of the Board as a whole, it has delegated responsibility to oversee specific areas of risk management to its committees. Our Audit Committee focuses on financial risks, including risks related to the Company’s investment policy and practices, as well as overseeing the Company’s information technology risk management program. Together with our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, the Audit Committee also monitors the Company’s compliance with laws, regulations, and related Company policies, including our whistleblower policy, anticorruption compliance policy, related person transactions policy, and Code of Ethics and Conduct. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee additionally assists the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to the management of risk associated with corporate governance and board organization, membership, and structure. Our Compensation Committee considers risks related to the attraction and retention of talent and risks related to the design of compensation programs and arrangements. Additional information about the Compensation Committee’s role in risk oversight can be found in our Compensation Discussion and Analysis under “Risk Management Considerations.”
At periodic meetings of the Board and its committees and in other meetings and discussions, management reports to, and seeks guidance from, the Board and its committees with respect to the most significant risks that could affect our business, such as legal, financial, tax, audit, and cybersecurity-related risks. In addition, among other matters, management provides periodic reports on our compliance programs and efforts to our Audit Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.
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Board Committees
Our Board has three standing committees: an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee, and a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Each committee operates under a written charter approved by our Board that satisfies the applicable standards of the SEC and Nasdaq. The committee charters are available on our website at https://investors.fluidigm.com by clicking on Governance — Governance Overview.
The table below shows the members and chairs of each committee and the number of meetings held in 2020.
AuditCompensationNominating and
Corporate Governance
Nicolas M. Barthelemy
X(1)
C
X(1)
Gerhard F. Burbach
X
X
X(2)
Laura M. Clague
C(3)(4)
Samuel D. Colella(5)
X(6)
Bill W. Colston
X(7)
X(7)
Patrick S. Jones(8)
X(4)
Carlos Paya
X(9)
C(6)
Ana K. Stankovic
X(10)
X(10)
Meetings in 2020
574
_______________________
C = Chair
(1)Mr. Barthelemy stepped down from our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and joined our Audit Committee in August 2020.
(2)Mr. Burbach joined our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in August 2020.
(3)Board-designated “audit committee financial expert” under SEC rules.
(4)Ms. Clague was appointed to replace Mr. Jones as chair in June 2020.
(5)Mr. Colella retired from our Board effective June 30, 2020.
(6)Dr. Paya was appointed to replace Mr. Colella as chair in February 2020.
(7)Dr. Colston stepped down from our Audit Committee and joined our Compensation Committee in August 2020.
(8)Mr. Jones declined to stand for re-election to the Board and ceased to be a member of our Board as of our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders in June 2020.
(9)Dr. Paya stepped down from our Compensation Committee in August 2020.
(10)Dr. Stankovic was appointed to our Audit and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees in February 2021.
Audit Committee. Our Audit Committee is currently chaired by Laura M. Clague. Our Board has determined that each member of the Audit Committee is independent and financially literate under the current rules and regulations of the SEC and Nasdaq and that Ms. Clague qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of the rules and regulations of the SEC.
The Audit Committee oversees our corporate accounting and financial reporting process and the financial and cybersecurity aspects of our enterprise risk management process, and assists our Board in monitoring our financial systems and our legal and regulatory compliance. Our Audit Committee is authorized to, among other things:
oversee the work of our independent registered public accounting firm;
approve the hiring, discharge, and compensation of our independent registered public accounting firm;
approve engagements of our independent registered public accounting firm to render any audit or permissible non-audit services;
evaluate the qualifications, independence, and performance of our independent registered public accounting firm;
discuss and, as appropriate, review with management and our independent registered public accounting firm our annual and quarterly financial statements and our major critical accounting policies and practices;
review management’s assessment of our internal controls; and
review the adequacy and effectiveness of our internal control policies and procedures.
Compensation Committee. Our Compensation Committee is currently chaired by Nicolas M. Barthelemy. Each member of the Compensation Committee is an independent director under the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and Nasdaq, a nonemployee director as defined in Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act, and an outside director as defined pursuant to Section 162(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, as amended. Furthermore, if required to ensure compliance with
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Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act, a subcommittee of the Compensation Committee or the Board considers and approves the grant of equity awards to our executive officers.
The Compensation Committee oversees our corporate compensation programs and is authorized to, among other things:
review the compensation and benefits of our CEO and other executive officers;
review our corporate goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of our CEO;
assist our Board in providing oversight of the Company’s overall compensation plans and benefits program; and
administer our equity incentive plans.
Please see the sections entitled “Executive Compensation” and “Compensation of Non-Employee Directors” for a description of our processes and procedures for the consideration and determination of executive and director compensation.
Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is currently chaired by Carlos Paya. Our Board has determined that each member of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is an independent director under the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and Nasdaq.
Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee oversees and assists our Board in reviewing and recommending nominees for election as directors and oversees our corporate governance matters. Among other things, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is authorized to:
evaluate and make recommendations regarding the composition, organization, and governance of the Board and its committees;
evaluate the performance of members of the Board and make recommendations regarding committee and chair assignments;
recommend desired qualifications for Board membership and conduct searches for potential members of the Board;
oversee the orientation process for new directors and continuing director education;
review and recommend Board compensation programs for outside directors;
review and make recommendations concerning management succession planning; and
develop and make recommendations with regard to our corporate governance guidelines.
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also reviews our initiatives with respect to sustainability and corporate responsibility, including environmental and social matters.
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
None of the members of our Compensation Committee during our last fiscal year (which included Nicolas M. Barthelemy, Gerhard F. Burbach, Bill W. Colston (as of August 2020), and Carlos Paya (until August 2020) is, or was during 2020, an officer or employee of our Company. None of our executive officers currently serves, or in the past year has served, as a member of the board of directors or compensation committee of any entity that has one or more executive officers serving on our Board or Compensation Committee.
Considerations in Identifying and Evaluating Director Nominees
Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee has established policies and procedures relating to the consideration of any individual recommended as a prospective director nominee from stockholders. Please see the section entitled “Process for Recommending Candidates to the Board of Directors” below for details. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will consider candidates recommended by stockholders in the same manner as candidates recommended to the Committee from other sources.
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for determining the criteria for membership to our Board and recommending candidates for election to the Board. In its evaluation of director candidates, including the members of the Board eligible for reelection, our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers the following:
the current size and composition of our Board and the needs of the Board and its respective committees;
factors such as character, integrity, judgment, diversity of background (including gender, race, and ethnicity) and experience, independence, area of expertise, corporate experience, length of service, potential conflicts of interest, other commitments, and the like; and
other factors that our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee may consider appropriate.
Any nominee for a position on the Board must satisfy the following minimum qualifications:
the highest personal and professional ethics and integrity;
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proven achievement and competence in the nominee’s field and the ability to exercise sound business judgment;
skills that are complementary to those of the existing Board;
the ability to assist and support management and make significant contributions to the Company’s success; and
an understanding of the fiduciary responsibilities required of a member of the Board and the commitment of time and energy necessary to diligently carry out those responsibilities.
If our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee determines that an additional or replacement director is required, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee may take such measures as it considers appropriate in connection with its evaluation of a director candidate, including candidate interviews, inquiry of the person or persons making the recommendation or nomination, engagement of an outside search firm to gather additional information, or reliance on the knowledge of the members of the Committee, Board, or management. We have from time to time retained a third-party search firm to assist with the identification and evaluation of qualified candidates to serve on the Board.
Board Diversity
Our director nominating policies include specific references to factors relating to diversity, such as diversity of gender, race and national origin, education, professional experience, and differences in viewpoints and skills. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee believes that it is essential that the Board members represent diverse viewpoints and considers these factors in its deliberations over Board expansion and potential candidates.
Because we are a public company with our principal executive office located in the State of California, we are required under California Senate Bill 826 adopted in 2018 (“SB 826”) and the recently enacted California Assembly Bill 979 (“AB 979”) to meet certain requirements with respect to the number of women and members of other underrepresented communities on our Board. As of the date of this proxy statement, we have two female directors and we are already in compliance with the requirements of AB 979 for 2021 based on our current Board composition. Under SB 826, we will be required to have three female directors by the end of 2021, and we will be required under AB 979 to have two directors from designated underrepresented communities by the end of 2022. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is conducting an active search for additional women candidates to join the Board, in addition to prioritizing the selection of diverse directors who meet the requirements of AB 979.
Process for Recommending Candidates to the Board of Directors
It is the policy of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee to consider recommendations for candidates to the Board from stockholders holding not less than one percent (1%) of the outstanding shares of our common stock continuously for at least twelve months prior to the date of submission of the recommendation or nomination. Stockholder recommendations for candidates to the Board must be directed in writing to Fluidigm Corporation, 2 Tower Place, Suite 2000, South San Francisco, California 94080, Attention: Corporate Secretary, and must include the candidate’s name, home and business contact information, detailed biographical data, relevant qualifications, a signed letter from the candidate confirming willingness to serve, information regarding any relationships between the candidate and Fluidigm, and evidence of the recommending stockholder’s ownership of our stock. Such recommendations must also include a statement from the recommending stockholder in support of the candidate, particularly within the context of the criteria for Board membership, including issues of character, integrity, judgment, diversity of background and experience, independence, area of expertise, corporate experience, length of service, potential conflicts of interest, other commitments, and the like, and personal references. For details regarding the process to nominate a director directly for election to the Board at an annual meeting of the stockholders, please see item 25 of the General Information section entitled “What is the deadline to propose actions for consideration at next year’s annual meeting of stockholders or to nominate individuals to serve as directors?Nomination of Director Candidates.”
Code of Ethics and Conduct
We are committed to the highest standards of integrity and ethics in the way we conduct our business. We have adopted a code of ethics and conduct that applies to the members of our Board, our officers and employees (including our CEO, Chief Financial Officer, and Principal Accounting Officer), as well as our agents, contractors, and consultants. Our code of ethics and conduct establishes our policies and expectations with respect to a wide range of business conduct, including preparation and maintenance of financial and accounting information, compliance with laws, and conflicts of interest.
Under our code of ethics and conduct, each of our directors, officers, and employees is required to report suspected or actual violations to the extent permitted by law. In addition, we have adopted separate procedures concerning the receipt and investigation of complaints relating to accounting or audit matters. These procedures have been adopted and are administered by our Audit Committee.
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Our code of ethics and conduct can be found on our website at https://investors.fluidigm.com by clicking on Governance — Governance Overview. When required by the rules of the SEC or Nasdaq, we will disclose any future amendment to, or waiver of, any provision of the code of ethics and conduct for our CEO, Principal Financial Officer, Principal Accounting Officer, or any member of our Board on our website at https://investors.fluidigm.com in the Governance Overview section, within four business days following the date of such amendment or waiver.
Stockholder Engagement
We believe that understanding the perspective of our stockholders is a key component of good corporate governance and we are committed to an active and robust stockholder engagement program. The goals of our stockholder engagement program are to:
provide transparency and visibility into our strategy, our financial and operational performance, and our governance practices;
determine which issues are important to our stockholders and share our views on those issues; and
discuss and seek feedback on our business, executive compensation, and corporate governance policies and practices.
We engage with stockholders year-round, involving our investor relations team, senior management, and our chairman or Board committee chairs as appropriate and/or requested. This includes participating in investor conferences, industry and formal events, in person one-on-one meetings, and conference calls throughout the year.
During 2020 and continuing into 2021, we solicited engagement with stockholders representing over 50 percent of our outstanding shares to request their feedback on our business strategy, company history, financial performance, governance, additions to the Board, and executive compensation programs. Members of our investor relations team and executive management have reached out to our largest active stockholders and spoken with those expressing concerns, with members of our Board joining certain discussions.
This dialogue has informed our Board’s meeting agendas, and led to governance enhancements that help us address the issues that matter most to our stockholders. In response to investor feedback, we adopted changes in guidance and our guidance financial metrics, enhanced our executive compensation practices, and implemented new policies formalizing our commitment to sound corporate social responsibility practices.
Communications with the Board
Stockholders who wish to communicate with our Board are welcome to do so either (i) in writing, addressed to: Fluidigm Corporation, 2 Tower Place, Suite 2000, South San Francisco, California 94080, Attn: Corporate Secretary, or (ii) by going online to https://investors.fluidigm.com and clicking on Governance — Contact the Board. Communications are distributed to our Board, or to any individual directors as appropriate, depending on the facts and circumstances outlined in the communication.
Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability
Our mission is to improve life through comprehensive health insight. Our cutting-edge biotechnology tools empower researchers to deepen human understanding of health and disease and accelerate the development of therapies to increase the quality of all life. Consistent with this mission, we strive to conduct our business in a manner that demonstrates our respect for the environment in which we live and operate and our concern for the health and safety of the personnel throughout our organization and supply chain.
In 2019, at the recommendation of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, our Board adopted:
an enterprise-level environment, health, and safety policy;
a statement of commitment to doing business responsibly by aligning our strategies and global operations with the United Nations Global Compact principles on human rights, labor laws, environmental protection, and corruption in business;
a supply chain transparency and anti-slavery statement; and
a business partner code of conduct formally defining our expectations for our distributors, suppliers, vendors, contractors, agents, and all other third parties who provide products or services to us.
These policies and statements can be found on our website at https://investors.fluidigm.com/social-responsibility. The development of our environmental, health, safety, and social responsibility programs is ongoing. We will provide updates and additional information on our website as we move forward.
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COMPENSATION OF NON-EMPLOYEE DIRECTORS
Compensation Policy
Non-employee directors receive an annual retainer for service on our Board and an annual retainer for service on committees of the Board as set forth below:
Annual cash retainer for each non-employee director
$40,000 
Annual cash retainer for each Audit Committee member
$10,000 
Annual cash retainer for each Compensation Committee member
$7,000 
Annual cash retainer for each Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee member
$5,000 
Additional cash retainer for chairmanship of the Board
$50,000 
Additional cash retainer for chairing the Audit Committee
$10,000 
Additional cash retainer for chairing the Compensation Committee
$8,000 
Additional cash retainer for chairing the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
$5,000 
We have also adopted an outside director equity compensation policy (the “Compensation Policy”) to formalize the granting of equity compensation to non-employee directors under the 2011 Plan. As amended in March 2021, the Compensation Policy provides for automatic equity awards as set forth below:
Grant Date Value:
Type of AwardDescriptionRestricted Stock Units (RSUs)Stock Options
Initial Awards
Granted to new non-employee directors upon initial election / appointment$63,250$63,250
Annual Awards
Granted to continuing non-employee directors on the date of each annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders following election / appointment$57,500$57,500
Non-employee directors are eligible to receive all types of awards under the 2011 Plan except for incentive stock options, and may receive discretionary awards not covered by the Compensation Policy.
The exercise price of all stock options granted pursuant to the Compensation Policy will be 100% of the fair market value of our common stock on the date of grant and the term of all stock options will be ten years.
All awards granted to non-employee directors under the 2011 Plan are subject to vesting, conditioned upon the recipient’s continued service on the Board through the applicable vesting date, as set forth below.
Initial option awards and initial restricted stock unit (“RSU”) awards vest in equal annual installments over four years.
Annual option awards vest and become exercisable in 12 equal monthly installments.
Annual RSU awards vest in full on the earlier to occur of (i) the first anniversary of the grant date and (ii) one day prior to the date of the Company’s next annual meeting of stockholders.
Non-employee directors are permitted to defer the settlement of their vested RSU awards—including RSUs elected in lieu of cash retainers—until the earlier to occur of (i) a qualifying change in control and (ii) termination of service as a Board member.
The administrator of the 2011 Plan, in its discretion, may change or otherwise revise the terms of awards granted under the Compensation Policy.
In the event of a “change of control” as defined in the 2011 Plan, all unvested equity awards then held by non-employee directors will vest fully and become exercisable as to all shares thereunder regardless of performance goals, vesting criteria, or other conditions.
RSUs in Lieu of Cash and RSU Deferral
Non-employee directors have the option to elect to receive an RSU award in lieu of 100% of their annual cash retainers payable for services to be rendered as a non-employee director, chairperson of the Board, or chair or member of any Board committee. RSUs elected in lieu of payments in cash vest quarterly but settlement of such RSUs can be deferred as described below.
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Each non-employee director may elect to defer settlement of his or her RSU grants until the earlier of the termination of his or her service on our Board or a qualifying change in control.
Non-Employee Director Stock Ownership Guidelines
Our Board has approved stock ownership guidelines for our non-employee directors to further align their interests with the interests of our stockholders.
Pursuant to the guidelines, each non-employee director is expected to accumulate and hold a number of shares of our common stock equal to the lesser of (i) that number of shares with a value equal to three times his or her Board cash retainer or (ii) 19,540 shares, and to maintain this minimum amount of stock ownership during the director’s tenure on the Board. For purposes of determining stock ownership pursuant to the guidelines, we include shares owned outright and vested in-the-money stock options, but do not include value or shares attributable to unvested time vesting restricted stock, unvested and/or out-of-the money stock options and/or unearned performance shares. Our non-employee directors are expected to achieve the applicable level of ownership by the end of the fiscal year that follows the five-year anniversary of the date he or she becomes covered by the guidelines.
Non-employee directors are not required to purchase shares on the open market in order to comply with the guidelines. In the event a non-employee director falls out of compliance with the guidelines at any time, he or she will be required to maintain 50% of the shares (net of tax and exercise costs) acquired through the vesting or exercise of awards until the guidelines are again satisfied. The guidelines include a once-met-always-met policy such that each non-employee director will be deemed to satisfy the guideline if they hold at least the number of shares that, as of the first measurement date they comply with the guidelines, was equal to the guideline value (i.e., following the initial compliance, the policy for each non-employee director will reset to the lesser of the guideline value or the number of shares that originally satisfied the guideline).
2020 Director Compensation
The following table sets forth information concerning compensation paid or accrued for services rendered to us by members of our Board for the year ended December 31, 2020. The table excludes Mr. Linthwaite, who was a named executive officer and did not receive any compensation from us in his role as a director in 2020.
Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash ($)(1)
Stock Awards
($)(2)
Option Awards
($)(2)
Total
($)
Nicolas M. Barthelemy
59,999(3)
50,00050,000159,999
Gerhard F. Burbach
55,40050,00050,000155,400
Laura M. Clague
52,50050,00050,000152,500
Samuel D. Colella(4)
42,499(3)
42,499
Bill W. Colston
46,75050,00050,000146,750
Patrick S. Jones(5)
27,00027,000
Carlos Paya
72,40050,00050,000172,400
Ana K. Stankovic(6)
3,33454,99854,944113,276
_________________________
(1)As part of the Company’s cash preservation measures taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the independent directors agreed to temporarily reduce their cash Board fees by 20% for the second quarter of 2020. Normal Board fees were reinstated upon the next installment, but no retroactive pay was provided.
(2)Amounts represent the aggregate grant date fair value of the option award and RSU awards, as applicable, calculated in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation, as amended, without regard to estimated forfeitures. See Note 13 of the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for a discussion of valuation assumptions made in determining the grant date fair value and compensation expense of our stock options and RSU awards.
(3)Amount includes RSUs received in lieu of cash fees for 2020.
(4)Mr. Colella retired from our Board effective June 30, 2020.
(5)Mr. Jones declined to stand for re-election to the Board and ceased to be a member of our Board as of our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders in June 2020.
(6)Dr. Stankovic was appointed to our Board effective December 15, 2020.

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Director Equity Awards
The aggregate numbers of shares underlying stock options and RSUs outstanding at December 31, 2020 for each non-employee director were as follows:
Aggregate Number of Shares
Underlying Stock Options
Outstanding as of
December 31, 2020
Aggregate Number of Shares
Underlying RSUs
Outstanding as of
December 31, 2020
Nicolas M. Barthelemy
61,38915,869
Gerhard F. Burbach
113,389
47,571(1)
Laura M. Clague
42,789
27,356(1)
Bill W. Colston
29,71716,867
Carlos Paya
61,38915,869
Ana K. Stankovic 12,2378,221
_________________________
(1) Amount includes RSUs with respect to which settlement has been deferred.

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PROPOSAL NUMBER 1
ELECTION OF CLASS II DIRECTORS
Board Structure
Our Board currently has seven members and is divided into three staggered classes of directors. At each annual meeting of stockholders, a class of directors is elected for a term of three years to succeed the class of directors whose terms are then expiring. The terms of the directors will expire upon the election and qualification of successor directors at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held this year for the Class II directors, in 2022 for the Class III directors, and in 2023 for the Class I directors.
Nominees for Class II Directors (Term Expiring in 2024)
At the 2021 Annual Meeting, three Class II directors will be elected to the Board by the holders of our common stock. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee recommended, and our Board nominated, Gerhard F. Burbach, Carlos Paya, and Ana K. Stankovic, each a current Class II director, as nominees for reelection as Class II directors at the 2021 Annual Meeting.
Mr. Burbach, Dr. Paya, and Dr. Stankovic have each agreed to serve if elected, and management has no reason to believe that they will be unavailable to serve. In the event a nominee is unable or declines to serve as a director at the time of the 2021 Annual Meeting, proxies will be voted for any nominee who may be proposed by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and designated by the present Board to fill the vacancy.
Biographical Information Concerning the Class II Director Nominees
Gerhard F. Burbach, age 59, has been a member of our Board since January 2013. Mr. Burbach currently serves as chairman of the board of directors of Procyrion Inc., a private medical device company focused on the treatment of chronic heart failure, and as a member of the boards of directors of Vascular Dynamics, a private medical device company focused on the treatment of hypertension, BWX Technologies, Inc. (NYSE: BWXT), a company that manufactures and supplies nuclear components and fuel, and Artelon, a private medical technology company focused on orthopedic soft tissue restoration. Mr. Burbach served on the board of directors of Autonomic Technologies, Inc., a private medical device company focused on the treatment of severe headaches, from December 2015 to April 2019, including service as chairman of the board beginning April 2016 and as interim chief executive officer and president from December 2015 to April 2016. From January 2006 to September 2014, Mr. Burbach served as president, chief executive officer, and director of Thoratec Corporation (Nasdaq: THOR), a company that develops, manufactures, and markets proprietary medical devices used for circulatory support. In addition, from 2004 to February 2013, Mr. Burbach served as a member of the board of directors of Digirad Corporation (Nasdaq: DRAD), a company focused on diagnostic imaging products. From April 2005 to January 2006, Mr. Burbach served as president and chief executive officer of Digirad Corporation. From July 2003 to April 2005, he served as president and chief executive officer of Bacchus Vascular, Inc., a developer of catheter-based medical devices. From January 2001 to July 2003, he served as chief executive officer of Philips Nuclear Medicine, a division of Philips Electronics, and before its acquisition by Philips, he worked for four years for ADAC Laboratories, most recently as president. Mr. Burbach also spent six years with the management consulting firm of McKinsey & Company, Inc., where he was most recently a senior engagement manager in the firm’s healthcare practice. Mr. Burbach received a B.S. in Industrial Engineering from Stanford University in 1984 and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School in 1990. We believe that Mr. Burbach’s experience as a chief executive officer and director of other public life sciences companies qualifies him to serve on our Board.
Carlos Paya, M.D., Ph.D., age 62, has been a member of our Board since March 2017 and has served as the chairman of our Board since May 2020. Dr. Paya currently serves on the board of directors of Mallinckrodt plc (OTC: MNKKQ), a manufacturer of specialty pharmaceutical products, and as chairman of the board of Highlight Therapeutics S.L, a private, clinical-stage company dedicated to unlocking the full potential of immuno-oncology. From May 2011 to June 2019, Dr. Paya served as president, chief executive officer and director of Immune Design Corp. He previously served as president of Elan Corporation, a pharmaceutical corporation that was acquired by Perrigo Company, from November 2008 to April 2011. Before joining Elan Corporation, Dr. Paya was at Eli Lilly & Company, a pharmaceutical corporation, from September 2001 to November 2008 as vice president, Lilly Research Laboratories. From January 1991 to August 2001, Dr. Paya was professor of medicine, immunology, and pathology, and vice dean of the clinical investigation program at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He received his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Madrid and underwent postdoctoral training at the Institute Pasteur, Paris, France. We believe that Dr. Paya’s experience in the life sciences industry gives him the qualifications and skills to serve on our Board.
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Ana K. Stankovic, M.D., Ph.D., MSPH, age 64, has been a member of our Board since December 2020. Dr. Stankovic brings over 30 years of research and development experience in academic, government, in vitro diagnostic, and device industry settings. Dr. Stankovic currently serves as managing partner of Koliada Consulting LLC, a consulting firm providing strategic and technical advice to pharmaceutical and biotech research and development organizations. From 2003 until January 2018, Dr. Stankovic served in various leadership roles in medical and clinical operations with Becton, Dickinson and Company (“BD”), most recently as Senior Vice President, World Wide Regional Medical Affairs and Global Health. Prior to her career at BD, Dr. Stankovic served as a medical officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as a clinical pathologist for Quest Diagnostics, Inc., as Consulting Medical Director, Product Investigation Laboratory at Immucor, Inc., and as a medical officer at the American Red Cross. Dr. Stankovic is a board-certified clinical pathologist and a former Chief Resident in the Department of Pathology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. She received her M.D. as well as M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in immunology from the University of Belgrade, and underwent postdoctoral training at, and received her MSPH (health policy and outcomes research) degree from, the University of Alabama at Birmingham. We believe that Dr. Stankovic’s medical background and her extensive experience in the clinical field qualify her to serve on our Board.
Required Vote
The Class II directors elected to the Board will be elected by a plurality of the votes present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote on the election of directors. In other words, the three nominees receiving the highest number of “FOR” votes will be elected as Class II directors. Abstentions and broker non-votes will not affect the outcome of the election of the Class II directors. Shares represented by executed proxies will be voted, if authority to do so is not expressly withheld (as indicated on the proxy card), for the election of Mr. Burbach, Dr. Paya, and Dr. Stankovic.
Recommendation
Our Board recommends a vote “FOR” the election to the Board of each of Gerhard F. Burbach, Carlos Paya, and Ana K. Stankovic as Class II directors.
Continuing Class III Directors (Term Expiring in 2022)
Laura M. Clague, age 62, has been a member of our Board since October 2018. Ms. Clague has served as the chief financial officer of Travere Therapeutics, Inc. since November 2014. Ms. Clague previously served as the chief financial officer of the San Diego and Ohio operations of Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Bristol-Myers Squibb. Prior to the acquisition by Bristol-Myers Squibb in 2012, Ms. Clague was the vice president, corporate controller and chief accounting officer of Amylin for 10 years, and during this time also served as the chief financial officer of the Amylin/Lilly Collaboration. From 1988 to 1999, Ms. Clague was the director of finance and accounting operations for Sony Electronics, Inc. From 1985 to 1988, Ms. Clague served as internal audit supervisor at Cubic Corporation. From 1982 to 1985, Ms. Clague held various audit positions at KPMG. Ms. Clague also serves on the board of directors of Genasys Inc. (formerly LRAD Corporation), where she chairs the audit committee. Ms. Clague is a certified public accountant in the State of California, and has a B.S. in Business Administration from Menlo College. We believe that Ms. Clague’s extensive background in finance and accounting and her experience in the life sciences industry qualify her to serve on our Board.
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite, age 49, joined Fluidigm as President and Chief Operating Officer in August 2016 and has served as our President and CEO and as a member of our Board since October 2016. From August 2003 to April 2016, Mr. Linthwaite held various managerial positions at Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., a life sciences company, and prior to its acquisition by Thermo Fisher, at Life Technologies Corporation, a life sciences company, including president, genetic sciences division, from December 2014 to April 2016, president, genetic analysis platform, from September 2011 to December 2014, and various other managerial positions at Invitrogen prior to the creation of Life Technologies through a merger of Invitrogen and Applied Biosystems. Prior to joining Invitrogen, Mr. Linthwaite held various strategic consulting roles. Mr. Linthwaite served on the board of directors of Claritas Genomics, Inc. from December 2014 to April 2016. Mr. Linthwaite received an M.B.A. from the University of Virginia (Darden) School of Business, and a B.A. in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia. Prior to business school, Mr. Linthwaite served on active duty in the U.S. Army as an armor officer. We believe that Mr. Linthwaite’s extensive industry experience with life sciences companies qualifies him to serve on our Board.
Continuing Class I Directors (Term Expiring in 2023)
Nicolas M. Barthelemy, age 55, has served as a member of our Board since March 2017. Mr. Barthelemy brings over 25 years of health-care industry experience to the director role. From 2014 to February 2017, Mr. Barthelemy served as the president and chief executive officer of Biotheranostics, Inc., a molecular diagnostics company. From 2010 until 2013, he served as president, global commercial operations at Life Technologies Corporation, a global life sciences company, which was acquired by Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. in February 2014. Prior to that position, he led the $850M Cell Systems division from 2005 to 2010. Before Life Technologies, from 1996 to 2004, Mr. Barthelemy was with Biogen Inc., a biotechnology company,
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most recently as vice president, manufacturing. He began his career with Merck & Co., Inc. (NYSE: MRK), a pharmaceutical company, as a project engineer in the vaccine division and worked for the company from 1991 to 1996. Mr. Barthelemy currently serves as a member of the boards of directors of Repligen Corporation (Nasdaq: RGEN), 908 Devices Inc. (Nasdaq: MASS), Biocare Medical, LLC (privately held), and of Twist Bioscience Corporation (Nasdaq: TWST). All four companies are in the life sciences sector. He also serves as an advisor to Warburg Pincus, a private equity firm. He received an M.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley in 1991, and an engineering degree from Ecole Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles, Paris in 1989. We believe that Mr. Barthelemy’s extensive experience in manufacturing, distributing and commercializing life science instruments, reagents and services, his knowledge of the research and clinical markets as well as his relevant public board experience qualify him to serve on our Board.
Bill W. Colston, Ph.D., age 53, has served as a member of our Board since July 2019. Dr. Colston founded a privately held company in the synthetic biology space, Sestina Bio, LLC, in early 2020 and currently serves as its chief executive officer. In 2018, Dr. Colston joined iCarbonX Inc. (“iCarbonX”), a privately held China-based company offering an artificial intelligence platform for health data, and served as its president and a member of its board of directors until March 2020. From 2011 to until its acquisition by iCarbonX in April 2018, Dr. Colston served as chief executive officer, co-founder, and a member of the board of directors of HealthTell Inc., a company focused on developing next generation tests that broadly characterize the immune system. From 2008 until 2012, Dr. Colston served as scientific founder, chief executive officer, and a member of the board of directors of QuantaLife Inc., a biotechnology startup company that developed a genetic analysis system and was acquired by Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. in 2011. From 1998 to 2008, Dr. Colston served in various senior leadership roles with Lawrence Livermore National Security Laboratory. In addition to his service on the iCarbonX board of directors, Dr. Colston currently serves on the boards of directors of RubrYc Therapeutics, Inc. and Purigen Biosystems, Inc., private companies in the fields of life sciences and biotechnology. A prolific scientific writer and inventor, he has authored numerous publications and patents. Dr. Colston received his B.A. in biology/biological sciences from the University of Texas at Austin in May 1989, and his Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from the University of California, Davis, in December 1997. We believe that Dr. Colston’s scientific background and his extensive experience in the life sciences and biotechnology industries qualify him to serve on our Board.
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PROPOSAL NUMBER 2
ADVISORY VOTE ON EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
At our 2017 annual meeting of stockholders, our Board recommended and our stockholders approved holding an advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers every year; we believe an annual vote allows for a meaningful evaluation period of performance against our compensation practices. Accordingly, as required by Section 14A of the Exchange Act, we are asking our stockholders to cast an advisory vote to approve the compensation of our named executive officers as described in this proxy statement.
We encourage you to read our Compensation Discussion and Analysis beginning on page 30, which describes in more detail how our executive compensation program operates and is designed to achieve our goals, as well as the compensation tables and narrative beginning on page 49, which provide detailed information on the compensation of our named executive officers.
Compensation Program and Philosophy
The primary goal of our executive compensation program is to ensure that we hire and retain talented and experienced executive officers who are motivated to achieve or exceed our short-term and long-term corporate goals. Our compensation philosophy is team-oriented and our success is dependent on what our management team can accomplish together. Therefore, we seek to provide our non-CEO executive officers with comparable levels of base salary, bonuses, and annual equity awards that are based largely on overall company performance.
In determining the form and amount of compensation payable to our executive officers, we are guided by the following objectives and principles:
•    Team-oriented approach to establishing compensation levels;
•    Compensation should relate to performance;
•    Equity awards help executive officers think like stockholders; and
•    Total compensation opportunities should be competitive.
Our Board believes that our current executive compensation program has been effective at linking executive compensation to our performance and aligning the interests of our executive officers with those of our stockholders. We are asking our stockholders to indicate their support for the compensation of our named executive officers as described in this proxy statement by voting in favor of the following resolution:
“RESOLVED, that the stockholders approve, on an advisory basis in a non-binding vote, the compensation of Fluidigm Corporation named executive officers as disclosed pursuant to Item 402 of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation S‑K, including the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the compensation tables, and narrative disclosures set forth in the proxy statement relating to Fluidigm’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.”
Required Vote
The affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the proposal is required to approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation awarded to named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2020. You may vote “FOR,” “AGAINST,” or “ABSTAIN” on this proposal. Abstentions have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes are not included in the tabulation of voting results on this proposal, and will not affect the outcome of voting on this proposal.
Although this say-on-pay vote is advisory and, therefore, will not be binding on us, our Compensation Committee and our Board value the opinions of our stockholders. Accordingly, to the extent there is a significant vote against the compensation of our named executive officers, we will consider our stockholders’ concerns, and the Compensation Committee will evaluate what actions may be necessary or appropriate to address those concerns.
Recommendation
Our Board recommends a vote “FOR” the approval, on an advisory basis, of the compensation of our named executive officers as disclosed in this proxy statement.
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PROPOSAL NUMBER 3
APPROVAL OF AMENDMENT OF THE 2011 EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SHARES RESERVED FOR ISSUANCE THEREUNDER BY 4,075,000 SHARES AND MAKE CERTAIN OTHER CHANGES CONCERNING SHARE RECYCLING
We are asking our stockholders to approve an amendment to our 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) to increase the number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2011 Plan by 4,075,000 shares and to eliminate certain liberal share recycling provisions as described below (collectively, the “Amendment”). Other than the Amendment, no material changes will be made to our 2011 Plan. Our Board approved the Amendment in April 2021, subject to the approval of our stockholders at the Annual Meeting. If the Amendment is not approved by our stockholders, the 2011 Plan will continue by its terms, without the Amendment, and will terminate automatically in April 2029.
As a part of the Amendment, we are making the following changes to the 2011 Plan to minimize the return of certain shares to the 2011 Plan pool (we refer to this as “eliminating certain liberal share recycling provisions”):
For stock options, shares used to pay the exercise price of a stock option or to satisfy the tax withholding obligations for a stock option will not become available for future issuance under the 2011 Plan.
To the extent we grant a stock appreciation right, the gross shares subject to the stock appreciation right will cease to become available for future issuance under the 2011 Plan.
Before the Amendment, the aggregate number of shares of our common stock reserved for issuance under the 2011 Plan during its entire term was 14,488,924, plus any shares forfeited under pre-existing equity incentive plans after the effectiveness of the 2011 Plan. As of March 31, 2021, 7,823,554 shares of our common stock are subject to outstanding awards granted under all of our equity plans and 2,517,055 shares of our common stock remain available for issuance (which does not take into account 1,746,457 shares subject to awards approved by the Compensation Committee in March 2021 with an effective grant date of April 20, 2021 (of which 373,746 shares are subject to awards granted to named executive officers), or approximately 914,000 shares anticipated to be granted following the Annual Meeting in the form of annual equity awards for certain of our employees and performance-based long-term incentive awards for certain of our executive officers).
In determining and recommending the increase to the share reserve under the 2011 Plan, our Board considered a number of factors, including dilutive impact, burn rate, and plan duration.
Historical Grant Practices. Our Board considered the historical numbers of stock options, RSUs, performance-based stock options, and performance-based RSUs that we have granted in the past three years. The annual share usage, or burn rate, under our equity compensation program for the last three years was as follows:
Annual Share Usage201820192020
Three-Year
Average
Stock options granted757,77049,500117,202308,157
Non-performance RSUs granted1,821,8851,803,8623,787,6482,471,132
Non-performance RSUs vested945,119726,2391,139,053936,804
Performance-based stock options granted
Performance-based RSUs granted167,000468,826509,082381,636
Performance-based RSUs vested3,9573,9572,638
Total equity awards granted(1)
2,746,6552,322,1884,413,9323,160,925
Basic weighted average shares of common stock outstanding as of December 3139,651,70366,778,64972,043,75559,491,369
Annual share usage1,862,6141,761,0833,561,2102,394,969
___________________
(1)Represents stock options, performance-based stock options, RSUs, and performance-based RSUs.
Forecasted Grant Practices. Based on our historical grant practices and including the anticipated grants of annual employee equity awards and performance-based long-term incentive awards described above, we currently forecast granting equity awards covering approximately 4,290,000 shares over the next 12-month period from the date of this proxy statement, which is equal to approximately 4.8% of the fully diluted number of shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2021 (which amounts are in addition to 1,746,457 shares subject to awards approved by the Compensation Committee in March 2021 with an effective grant date of April 20, 2021). In light of this forecast, we believe, and our Board considered, that the requested increase to the 2011 Plan’s share reserve will provide a sufficient number of shares to allow us to grant equity awards for the purpose of our
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expected new hires, focal awards, any special retention needs, and employee growth through any opportunistic acquisitions or hiring for approximately one year. However, circumstances could alter this projection, such as a change in business conditions, our stock price, competitive pressures for attracting and retaining employees, or our Company strategy.
Awards Outstanding Under Existing Grants and Dilutive Impact. As of March 31, 2021, we have outstanding equity awards under the 2011 Plan, the 2017 Inducement Award Plan (“Inducement Plan”), and prior plans covering approximately 7,823,554 shares, assuming performance awards are earned at maximum achievement. These outstanding equity awards (commonly referred to as the “overhang”), together with the 2,517,055 shares currently available for grant under the 2011 Plan (of which 1,746,457 shares are subject to approved awards and will be granted effective April 20, 2021), represent approximately 11.6% of the fully diluted number of shares of our common stock. The dilutive impact of the additional 4,075,000 shares that would be available for issuance under the 2011 Plan would increase the overhang percentage by approximately 4.6 percentage points to approximately 16.1%, each based on our fully diluted number of shares of our common stock as of March 31, 2021 (in all cases without consideration of shares potentially issuable upon conversion of outstanding convertible indebtedness).
If the stockholders do not approve the Amendment, the 2011 Plan will continue without the Amendment. In that case, the shares reserved for issuance under the 2011 Plan may be insufficient to achieve our future incentive, recruiting, and retention objectives. Consequently, without stockholder approval of the Amendment, we believe our ability to attract and retain the individuals necessary to drive our performance and increase long-term stockholder value will be impaired. We therefore believe that stockholder approval of the Amendment is important to our continued success.
Our executive officers and directors have an interest in the approval of the Amendment to the 2011 Plan by our stockholders because they would be eligible to receive awards under the 2011 Plan. Our Board and Compensation Committee have approved the Amendment to the 2011 Plan, subject to the approval of our stockholders at the Annual Meeting.
Information on Equity Compensation Plans as of March 31, 2021
The information included in this proxy statement and our 2020 Annual Report is updated by the following information regarding all existing equity compensation plans as of March 31, 2021:
Total stock options outstanding(1)
1,612,253 
Weighted-average exercise price of stock options outstanding
$7.32 
Weighted-average remaining duration of stock options outstanding (years)
6.00 
Total full value awards outstanding(2)
6,211,301 
Shares available for grant under the 2011 Plan(3)(4)
2,517,055 
Total shares of common stock outstanding
74,962,847 
___________________
(1)Includes time-based and performance-based stock options outstanding. No stock appreciation rights were outstanding as of March 31, 2021.
(2)The number of shares of outstanding performance-based RSUs assumes performance at the maximum level.
(3)Assumes outstanding performance-based RSUs at the maximum level.
(4)In June 2019, the Inducement Plan was terminated such that no further grants could be made thereunder.
Summary of the 2011 Plan
The Amendment to our 2011 Plan was approved by our Board in April 2021. The following general description of the material features of the 2011 Plan, as amended, is qualified in its entirety by reference to the provisions of the 2011 Plan set forth in Exhibit I to this proxy statement.
Eligibility. Our 2011 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, within the meaning of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, to our employees and the employees of our subsidiaries, and for the grant of nonstatutory stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, performance units and performance shares to our employees, directors and consultants and the employees and consultants of our subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2021, we had six non-employee directors, approximately 70 consultants, and approximately 630 employees (including our employee director).
Shares Available for Grant and Shares Outstanding.  If new shares are authorized, the total number of shares of our common stock available for issuance under our 2011 Plan is equal to 6,592,055 shares (assuming the shares available for grant as of March 31, 2021 remain available upon the Annual Meeting). As of March 31, 2021, 7,823,554 shares of our common stock are subject to outstanding awards granted under the 2011 Plan and 1,746,457 shares of our common stock are subject to awards approved under the 2011 Plan with an effective grant date of April 20, 2021. If our stockholders do not approve the Amendment, the total number of shares of our common stock available for issuance under our 2011 Plan will be 2,517,055 (assuming the shares
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available for grant as of March 31, 2021 remain available upon the Annual Meeting). As described in the paragraph below, outstanding awards under the 2011 Plan that expire or are forfeited return to the pool to be available for grant.
Generally, if an option award expires or becomes unexercisable without having been exercised in full, or if restricted stock, performance shares, or shares subject to restricted stock units or performance units are forfeited or repurchased by us due to failure to vest, the unpurchased, forfeited, or repurchased shares that were subject to such awards will become available for future grant or sale under the 2011 Plan (unless it has terminated). With respect to stock appreciation rights, the gross shares actually issued will cease to be available. Except with respect to options, shares used to pay the exercise price of an award or to satisfy the tax withholding obligations related to an award will become available for future grant or sale. If the exercise price or tax withholding obligation of an option is paid with shares, the number of shares available for issuance under the 2011 Plan will be reduced by the gross number of shares for which the option is exercised. To the extent an award is paid out in cash rather than shares, such cash payment will not reduce the number of shares available for issuance. However, if our stockholders do not approve the Amendment, shares used to pay the exercise price of a stock option or to satisfy the tax withholding obligations for a stock option will also become available for future issuance under the 2011 Plan, and only the net shares subject to the stock appreciation right will cease to become available for future issuance under the 2011 Plan.
Administration. Our 2011 Plan is administered by our Board or a committee appointed by our Board. Currently, our Compensation Committee administers our 2011 Plan. Different committees may administer our 2011 Plan with respect to different groups of service providers. To make grants to certain officers and key employees, the members of the committee must qualify as “non-employee directors” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act.
Subject to the provisions of our 2011 Plan, the administrator generally has the power to make all determinations deemed necessary or advisable for administering the 2011 Plan. The administrator has the power to determine the terms of awards, including the exercise price (if any), the number of shares subject to each such award, the time when awards may vest or be exercised (including the ability to accelerate the vesting and exercisability of awards), and the form of consideration payable upon exercise, if applicable. The administrator also has the authority to amend awards. The administrator may not implement any exchange program under which (i) outstanding awards are surrendered or canceled in exchange for awards of the same type (which may have higher or lower exercise prices and different terms), awards of a different type, and/or cash, (ii) participants have the opportunity to transfer any outstanding awards to a financial institution or other person or entity selected by the administrator, and/or (iii) the exercise price of an outstanding award is increased or reduced. In addition, the administrator may provide for dividends or dividend equivalents to accrue on unvested awards, but no dividends or dividend equivalents will be paid until the vesting of such awards. The administrator’s decisions, determinations, and interpretations are final and binding on all participants and any other holders of awards.
Stock Options. Options may be granted under our 2011 Plan. Subject to the provisions of our 2011 Plan, the administrator determines the terms and conditions of options, including when such options vest and become exercisable (and the administrator has the discretion to accelerate the time at which such options will vest or become exercisable). The per share exercise price of any option generally must be at least 100% of the fair market value of a share of our common stock on the date of grant, and the term of an incentive stock option may not be more than 10 years. However, with respect to any incentive stock option granted to an individual who owns 10% of the voting power of all classes of stock of our Company or any of its parent or subsidiary corporations, the term of such option must not exceed 5 years, and the per share exercise price of such incentive stock option must be at least 110% of the fair market value of a share of our common stock on the grant date. After a participant’s service terminates, he or she generally may exercise the vested portion of his or her option for the period of time stated in his or her option agreement. Generally, if termination is due to death or disability, the option will remain exercisable for 12 months. In all other cases, the option will generally remain exercisable for 3 months following the termination of service. However, in no event may an option be exercised later than the expiration of its term.
Stock Appreciation Rights. Stock appreciation rights may be granted under our 2011 Plan. Stock appreciation rights allow the recipient to receive the appreciation in the fair market value of our common stock between the exercise date and the date of grant. Subject to the provisions of our 2011 Plan, the administrator determines the terms and conditions of stock appreciation rights, including when such rights vest and become exercisable (and the administrator has the discretion to accelerate the time at which such rights will vest or become exercisable) and whether to pay any increased appreciation in cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination of both. The per share exercise price of a stock appreciation right must be at least 100% of the fair market value per share on the date of grant, and the term of a stock appreciation right may not be more than 10 years. After a participant’s service terminates, he or she generally may exercise the vested portion of his or her stock appreciation right for the period of time stated in his or her option agreement. However, in no event may a stock appreciation right be exercised later than the expiration of its term.
Restricted Stock. Restricted stock may be granted under our 2011 Plan. Restricted stock awards are grants of shares of our common stock that vest in accordance with terms and conditions established by the administrator. The administrator will
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determine the number of shares of restricted stock granted to any employee, director or consultant. The administrator may impose whatever conditions to vesting it determines to be appropriate (for example, the administrator may set restrictions based on the achievement of specific performance goals or continued service to us), and the administrator has the discretion to accelerate the time at which any restrictions will lapse or be removed. Shares of restricted stock that do not vest are subject to our right of repurchase or forfeiture.
Restricted Stock Units. Restricted stock units may be granted under our 2011 Plan. Restricted stock units are bookkeeping entries representing an amount equal to the fair market value of one share of our common stock. The administrator determines the terms and conditions of restricted stock units including the vesting criteria (which may include accomplishing specified performance criteria or continued service to us) and the form and timing of payment. The administrator has the discretion to accelerate the time at which any restrictions will lapse or be removed.
Performance Units and Shares. Performance units and performance shares may be granted under our 2011 Plan. Performance units and performance shares are awards that will result in a payment to a participant only if performance objectives established by the administrator are achieved or the awards otherwise vest. The administrator will establish organizational or individual performance objectives in its discretion, which, depending on the extent to which they are met, will determine the number and/or the value of performance units and performance shares to be paid out to participants. The administrator has the discretion to reduce or waive any performance objectives or other vesting provisions for performance units or performance shares. Performance units will have an initial dollar value established by the administrator on or before to the grant date. Performance shares will have an initial value equal to the fair market value of our common stock on the grant date. The administrator has the discretion to pay earned performance units or performance shares in the form of cash, shares, or in some combination of both.
Death and Disability. If the holder of an award under the 2011 Plan incurs a termination of service as a result of death or disability, then 100% of the unvested shares subject to the award will accelerate and vest.
Transferability of Awards. Our 2011 Plan does not allow for the transfer of awards unless the administrator provides otherwise, and in no event may an award be transferred for value or consideration. Additionally, only the recipient of an award may exercise an award during his or her lifetime.
Outside Directors. Our 2011 Plan provides that any outside (non-employee) director, in any fiscal year, may not be granted equity awards under our 2011 Plan with an aggregate grant date fair value of more than $400,000, or $500,000 with respect to his or her first year of service as an outside director. For purposes of this limitation, the grant date fair value is determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Any equity awards granted under our 2011 Plan to an outside director for his or her services as an employee, or for his or her services as a consultant (other than as a non-employee director), will not count for purposes of the limitation. The maximum limit does not reflect the intended size of any potential compensation or equity awards to our outside (non-employee) directors. The outside (non-employee) director annual limits were developed with input from Meridian Compensation Partners, LLC, an independent compensation consulting firm, based on a review of non-employee director limits in equity plans for comparable companies.
Certain Adjustments. If there are certain changes in our capitalization, the administrator will adjust the number and class of shares that may be delivered under the 2011 Plan; the number, class, and price of shares covered by each outstanding award; and the numerical share limits contained in the 2011 Plan.
Dissolution or Liquidation. If there is a proposed liquidation or dissolution of our Company, the administrator will notify participants as soon as practicable before the effective date of such event and all awards, to the extent that they have not been previously exercised, will terminate immediately before the consummation of such event.
Merger or Change in Control. Our 2011 Plan provides that if there is a merger of the Company with or into another company or a “change in control” (as defined under the 2011 Plan) of our Company, each outstanding award will be treated as provided in the applicable award agreement or as described below. The administrator is not required to treat all awards similarly. If the successor corporation does not assume or substitute an equivalent award for any outstanding award, then such award will fully vest, all restrictions on such award will lapse, all performance goals or other vesting criteria applicable to such award will be deemed achieved at 100% of target levels, and the administrator will notify participants that awards will become fully exercisable, if applicable, for a specified period before the transaction. The award will then terminate upon the expiration of the specified period of time.
With respect to awards held by a non-employee director that are assumed or substituted for, if such non-employee director’s service as our director or that of a successor corporation is terminated on or after the date of such merger or change in control (except for a voluntary resignation that is not at the request of the acquirer), then the non‑employee director will fully vest in and have the right to exercise his or her options and/or stock appreciation rights, all restrictions on his or her restricted stock and
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restricted stock units will lapse, and, with respect to performance units and performance shares, all performance goals or other vesting criteria will be deemed achieved at 100% of target levels and all other terms and conditions met in the event.
Forfeiture and Clawback. All awards granted under our 2011 Plan will be subject to recoupment under our current clawback policy and any clawback policy that we are required to adopt under applicable law. In addition, the administrator may provide in an award agreement that the recipient’s rights, payments, and benefits with respect to such award shall be subject to reduction, cancellation, forfeiture, or recoupment upon the occurrence of specified events.
Plan Amendments and Termination. Our 2011 Plan will automatically terminate in 2029, unless we terminate it sooner. In addition, our Board has the authority to amend, suspend, or terminate the 2011 Plan, but such action will not impair the rights of any participant without his or her written consent.
New Plan Benefits
As noted above, our Compensation Committee expects to make performance-based long-term incentive (“LTI”) awards in June 2021 pursuant to our annual LTI program under the 2011 Plan (the “2021 PSU grants”). As of the date of this proxy statement, the 2021 PSU grants have not yet been approved, but we anticipate that the amounts and recipients will be as set forth below.
Named Executive Officer
Anticipated
2021 PSU grants (#)
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite187,729
Vikram Jog52,133
Colin McCracken68,478
Bradley Kreger39,667
Nicholas Khadder40,994
Except as described above, the number of awards that an employee, director, or consultant may receive under the 2011 Plan is in the discretion of the administrator and therefore cannot be determined in advance. For (i) each of our named executive officers, (ii) our executive officers, as a group, (iii) our directors who are not executive officers, as a group, and (iv) all of our employees who are not executive officers, as a group, the following table sets forth the following information:
(A) the aggregate number of shares subject to stock options granted under the 2011 Plan during 2020;
(B) the average per share exercise price of such options;
(C) the aggregate number of RSUs (including performance-based RSUs) granted under the 2011 Plan during 2020; and
(D) the dollar value of such RSUs.
Shares Subject to Stock Options
Average Per Share Exercise Price of Options
Shares Subject to Restricted Stock Units
Dollar Value of Restricted Stock Units(1)
Named Executive Officers
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite584,567$2,642,243
President and Chief Executive Officer

Vikram Jog175,000$791,000
Chief Financial Officer

Colin McCracken205,000$926,600
Chief Commercial Officer

Bradley Kreger185,000$836,200
Senior Vice President, Global Operations

Nicholas Khadder125,000$565,000
Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary

Executive officers as a group2,291,567$10,357,883
Non-employee directors117,202$4.05111,961$506,064
All employees (excluding executive officers)1,937,447$8,757,260
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(1)Reflects the aggregate fair value of the equity awards computed in accordance with ASC 718, based on the $4.52 closing price per share of our common stock on Nasdaq on March 31, 2021.
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Required Vote
The affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the proposal is required to approve the Amendment to the 2011 Plan to increase the number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2011 Plan by 4,075,000 shares and to eliminate the liberal share recycling provisions described above. You may vote “FOR,” “AGAINST,” or “ABSTAIN” on this proposal. Abstentions have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes are not included in the tabulation of voting results on this proposal, and will not affect the outcome of voting on this proposal.
Recommendation
Our Board recommends a vote “FOR” the approval of the Amendment.
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PROPOSAL NUMBER 4
RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT
REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
Our Audit Committee has appointed PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”) to audit the financial statements of our Company for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 and recommends that stockholders vote in favor of the ratification of such appointment. During 2020, PwC served as our registered independent public accounting firm.
At the Annual Meeting, stockholders are being asked to ratify the appointment of PwC as our independent registered public accounting firm for our fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Stockholder ratification of the appointment of PwC is not required by our bylaws or other applicable legal requirements. However, our Board is submitting the appointment of PwC to our stockholders for ratification as a matter of good corporate governance. In the event that this appointment is not ratified by the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares of common stock present in person or represented by proxy at the Annual Meeting and entitled to vote, such appointment will be reconsidered by our Audit Committee. Even if the appointment is ratified, our Audit Committee, in its sole discretion, may appoint another independent registered public accounting firm at any time during our fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 if our Audit Committee believes that such a change would be in the best interests of Fluidigm and its stockholders. A representative of PwC is expected to be present at the Annual Meeting, will have an opportunity to make a statement if he or she wishes to do so, and is expected to be available to respond to appropriate questions from stockholders.
Required Vote
Ratification of the appointment of PwC as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021 requires the affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the proposal. You may vote “FOR,” “AGAINST,” or “ABSTAIN” on this proposal. Abstentions are deemed to be votes cast and have the same effect as a vote against the proposal. Broker non-votes are not deemed to be votes cast, are not included in the tabulation of voting results on this proposal, and will not affect the outcome of voting on this proposal.
Recommendation
Our Board recommends a vote “FOR” the ratification of the appointment of PwC as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
The following table sets forth the aggregate fees for audit services provided by PwC for the years ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
20202019
Audit fees(1)
$1,794,045 $1,763,821
Audit-related fees(2)
150,000 331,229
Tax fees(3)
33,429 140,000
All other fees(4)
290,044 4,500
Total fees$2,267,518 $2,239,550
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(1)    Audit fees for 2020 consist of fees billed or to be billed by PwC for professional services rendered for the integrated audit of our annual consolidated financial statements and management’s report on internal controls included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K; for the review of the consolidated financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q; and for other services, including statutory audits and services rendered in connection with SEC filings.
(2)    Audit-related fees consist of fees for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are not reported under “Audit Fees.” These services include consultations concerning financial accounting and reporting standards.
(3)    Tax fees consist of fees for tax compliance, advice, and planning services.
(4)    All other fees consist of amounts billed by PwC for professional services other than the services reported above. These include fees associated with permissible consulting services and a license fee that enables the company to utilize PwC’s specialized accounting research software.
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Policy on Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Services Performed by Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Consistent with the requirements of the SEC and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) regarding auditor independence, our Audit Committee has responsibility for appointing, setting compensation, and overseeing the work of our independent registered public accounting firm. In recognition of this responsibility, our Audit Committee has established a policy for the pre-approval of all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by the independent registered public accounting firm. These services may include audit services, audit-related services, tax services, and other services. The Audit Committee generally pre-approves particular services or categories of services on a case-by-case basis. The independent registered public accounting firm and management are required to periodically report to the Audit Committee regarding the extent of services provided by the independent registered public accounting firm in accordance with these pre-approvals, and the fees for the services performed to date.
All of the services of PwC for 2019 and 2020 described above were pre-approved by the Audit Committee.
Report of the Audit Committee
The Audit Committee assists the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibility over Fluidigm’s financial reporting process. It is not the duty of the Audit Committee to plan or conduct audits, to prepare Fluidigm’s financial statements, or to assess Fluidigm’s internal control over financial reporting. Management has the primary responsibility for preparing the financial statements and assuring their accuracy, effectiveness, and completeness. Management is also responsible for the reporting process, including the system of internal controls. The independent registered public accounting firm is responsible for auditing Fluidigm’s financial statements and internal control over financial reporting and expressing its opinion as to whether the statements present fairly, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, Fluidigm’s financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. However, the Audit Committee reviews and discusses the financial statements with management and the independent registered public accounting firm prior to the presentation of financial statements to our stockholders and, as appropriate, initiates inquiries into various aspects of Fluidigm’s financial affairs.
Unless the Audit Committee has reason to question its reliance on management or the independent registered public accounting firm, the members of the Audit Committee necessarily rely on information provided to them by and on the representations made by management and the independent registered public accounting firm. Accordingly, the Audit Committee’s oversight does not provide an independent basis to determine that management has applied appropriate accounting and financial reporting principles. Furthermore, the Audit Committee’s authority and oversight responsibilities do not independently assure that the audits of Fluidigm’s financial statements have been carried out in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB or that the financial statements are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
In this context, the Audit Committee has met and held discussions with management and the independent registered public accounting firm to review Fluidigm’s audited 2020 consolidated financial statements (including the quality of Fluidigm’s accounting principles). Management represented to the Audit Committee that Fluidigm’s consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and the Audit Committee consulted with management and the independent registered public accounting firm prior to approving the presentation of the audited 2020 consolidated financial statements to stockholders. The Audit Committee discussed with the independent registered public accounting firm the matters required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 1301, Communications with Audit Committees, as adopted by the PCAOB.
The Audit Committee has discussed with the independent accountant the independent accountant’s independence from Fluidigm and its management. As part of that review, the Audit Committee received the written disclosures and letter required by the applicable requirements of the PCAOB regarding the independent accountant’s communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence. Based on the reviews and discussions referred to above, the Audit Committee recommended to the Board, and the Board approved, Fluidigm’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 for filing with the SEC as part of Fluidigm’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Audit Committee has appointed PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021.
The Audit Committee
Laura M. Clague (Chair) 
Nicolas Barthelemy
Gerhard F. Burbach
Ana K. Stankovic 
The Audit Committee Report does not constitute soliciting material, and shall not be deemed to be filed or incorporated by reference into any other filing by Fluidigm under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent Fluidigm specifically incorporates the Audit Committee Report by reference therein.
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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
The names of our executive officers, their ages, their positions with Fluidigm and other biographical information as of March 31, 2021 are set forth below. There are no family relationships among any of our directors or executive officers.
NameAgePosition
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite49President, CEO, and Director
Vikram Jog64Chief Financial Officer
Colin McCracken48Chief Commercial Officer
Bradley Kreger46Senior Vice President, Global Operations
Nicholas Khadder47Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite. Please see the biographical information provided above in the section entitled “Continuing Class III Directors (Term Expiring in 2022).”
Vikram Jog has served as our Chief Financial Officer since February 2008. From April 2005 to February 2008, Mr. Jog served as chief financial officer for XDx, Inc. (now CareDx, Inc.), a molecular diagnostics company. From March 2003 to April 2005, Mr. Jog was a vice president of Applera Corporation, a life science company that is now part of Thermo Fisher Scientific, and vice president of finance for its related businesses Celera Genomics and Celera Diagnostics. From April 2001 to March 2003, Mr. Jog was vice president of finance for Celera Diagnostics and corporate controller of Applera Corporation. Mr. Jog received a Bachelor of Commerce degree from Delhi University and an M.B.A. from Temple University. Mr. Jog is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
Colin McCracken joined Fluidigm as Chief Commercial Officer in March 2019. From 2015 to 2019, Mr. McCracken held various positions at Thermo Fisher Scientific, a life sciences company, including vice president, sales, chromatography and mass spectrometry, from 2017 to 2019, and vice president and general manager, Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe from 2015 to 2017. Prior to Thermo Fisher, Mr. McCracken served as vice president and head of European sales at Life Technologies, a life sciences company, from 2009 to 2013, and as vice president and head of European sales at Invitrogen Corporation, a predecessor of Life Technologies, from 2008 to 2009. Prior to Invitrogen, Mr. McCracken served as national sales manager at QiAGEN, a biotechnology company, from 2002 to 2005. Mr. McCracken received an honors degree in electrical and electronic engineering from the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow.
Bradley Kreger joined Fluidigm as Senior Vice President, Global Operations in April 2018. From December 2016 to April 2018, Mr. Kreger was senior director, operations, clinical sequencing division at Thermo Fisher Scientific, a life sciences company. From 1995 to December 2016, Mr. Kreger held various staff and management positions at Affymetrix, a biotechnology company, including vice president, reagent manufacturing and global process engineering, senior director, global process engineering and manufacturing science, and director, global process engineering and manufacturing science. Mr. Kreger received an M.B.A. from Western Governors University and a B.S. in Biotechnology and Business from Charter Oak State College.
Nicholas Khadder has served as our Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary, most recently since April 2020, and, previously, from June 2016 to March 2020. From 2010 to June 2016, Mr. Khadder held various positions at Amyris, Inc., an industrial biotechnology company, including senior vice president, general counsel and corporate secretary from 2013 to June 2016, interim general counsel from July 2013 to December 2013 and assistant general counsel from October 2010 to July 2013. Prior to joining Amyris, Mr. Khadder served in senior corporate counsel roles at LeapFrog Enterprises, Inc., an educational entertainment company, from August 2008 to September 2010, and at Protiviti, Inc., an internal audit and risk consulting firm, from June 2005 to July 2008. Before commencing his in-house legal career, Mr. Khadder was a corporate law associate at Fenwick & West LLP from 1998 to 2005. Mr. Khadder received a J.D. from Berkeley Law (the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law) and a B.A. in English from the University of California, Berkeley.

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COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
The following discussion and analysis of compensation arrangements of our named executive officers should be read together with the compensation tables and related disclosures set forth below.
Introduction
In this Compensation Discussion and Analysis, we provide the following:
    
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Named Executive Officers
This Compensation Discussion and Analysis describes the material elements of compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to our executive officers, including our named executive officers (“NEOs”), during 2020. Our NEOs for 2020 were:
Stephen Christopher LinthwaitePresident and CEO
Vikram JogChief Financial Officer
Colin McCrackenChief Commercial Officer
Bradley KregerSenior Vice President, Global Operations
Nicholas KhadderSenior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary
Executive Summary
Company Overview
Fluidigm improves life by driving meaningful insights in health and disease. Our innovative technologies explore the biological complexities of disease to advance human health through research, diagnostics and clinical applications. We create, manufacture, and market a range of products and services, including instruments, consumables, reagents and software that are used by researchers and clinical labs worldwide. Our customers are leading academic and government laboratories, as well as pharmaceutical, biotechnology, plant and animal research organizations, and clinical laboratories worldwide. Together with our customers, we strive to increase the quality of life for all.
2020 Business and Performance Highlights
Responded to the SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) pandemic by taking steps to protect our employees, support our customers, and manage our liquidity.
Continued revenue growth in 2020 despite headwinds from the COVID-19 pandemic: Annual revenue of $138.1 million in 2020 from $117.2 million in 2019, growing 18 percent.
Developed COVID-19 related applications to address COVID-19 pandemic testing needs with microfluidics as well as in immune profiling of patients and populations with mass cytometry.
Received Emergency Use Authorization (“EUA”) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for our Advanta™ Dx SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR Assay in August 2020. In January 2021, we received the CE-IVD mark for our saliva-based Advanta Dx SARS-CoV-2 Assay allowing for commercial sales of this CE-IVD commercial kit in Europe.
Mass cytometry products were utilized for government sponsored national COVID-19 immune profiling studies in the United States and Europe as well as publications and reviews.
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Strengthened balance sheet and liquidity:
Managed our operating expenses and cash flows in response to the evolving market conditions. GAAP operating loss for the full year 2020 showed modest improvement at $51 million compared to $51.8 million in 2019.
Entered into an open market sale agreement with Jefferies LLC to sell up to $50 million of common stock from time to time through an at-the-market (“ATM”) equity offering program; during the third quarter of 2020, we sold 2.5 million shares of our common stock through the ATM program for aggregate gross proceeds of $20.9 million.
Maintained a $15 million revolving credit facility with Silicon Valley Bank (“SVB”).
In April 2020, the maturity date of such credit facility was extended to August 2022.
Expanded our microfluidics capabilities by securing additional sources of nondilutive funding through the government and other partnerships.
We executed a contract with the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) for a project under the NIH Rapid Acceleration of Diagnostics (“RADx”) program. This contract has a total value of up to $34 million upon the achievement of certain milestones.
We entered into development agreements with third parties that provided for up-front and periodic milestone payments, driving advancements in our microfluidics franchise.
Executive Compensation Highlights
In 2020, the Compensation Committee took the following actions to align executive compensation with Company performance and the short- and long-term interests of stockholders:
Granted performance-based restricted stock unit awards (“PSUs”) contingent upon total stockholder return over a three-year performance period relative to the companies in the Russell 3000 Index (the “Russell 3000”).
Increased the weighting of PSUs from 51% to 55% of the annual long-term incentive compensation (“LTI”) grants with the remaining 45% of annual LTI granted in time-based RSUs.
Established the 2020 annual executive cash incentive program pursuant to our Executive Bonus Plan (the “2020 Cash Incentive Program”), which measured annual performance based on defined financial goals with adjustments based on each executive’s individual strategic goals and contributions.
Declined to make mid-cycle adjustments to long-term performance criteria despite the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company.
Implemented temporary salary reductions, beginning in the second quarter of 2020 and ending in the third quarter of 2020, and delayed implementation of 2020 salary increases from the third to the fourth quarter of 2020, in each case with no retroactive “make-whole” adjustment.
In May 2020, after careful consideration, the Compensation Committee determined that it would be in the best interests of Fluidigm and its stockholders to approve a COVID-19-related retention-focused equity grant to the Company’s executive leadership team and other members of the employee population whose skill sets were deemed essential to Fluidigm’s success during a time of transition and unprecedented global uncertainty in the pandemic-impacted economy.
Company Performance and Pay Alignment
The structure of the Company’s compensation program coupled with the Compensation Committee’s processes and decision-making ensure a strong tie between Company performance and executive pay. This is especially illustrated by the compensation outcomes for the Company’s executive officers over the last several years. Changes in stock price and performance over the vesting or performance period of LTI cause the value ultimately received by the executive to differ from the target grant value. The measurement of realizable pay includes such changes when comparing pay received, or trending to be received, to the target pay granted.
The following chart illustrates the degree to which our CEO’s realizable pay has been impacted by changes in the stock price and Company performance after the grant date, illustrating the significant alignment of our executive compensation program with total stockholder return (“TSR”).
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https://cdn.kscope.io/e76c286b14d0e16016bbedb2280462b2-ceorealizable31.jpg
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Notes:
Target pay is defined as the sum of base salary, target cash incentive opportunity, and the grant date value of the annual LTI program awards granted during the respective year (i.e., Black-Scholes for stock options and the closing price of our common stock on the date of grant for RSUs and PSUs).
Realizable pay is defined as the sum of base salary, actual cash incentive earned, spread value of options granted during the respective year, RSUs granted in the respective year, and PSUs granted in the respective year at actual or current projected payout levels (2018-2020 cycle earned at 118.55%; 2019-2021 cycle currently at 0%, and 2020-2022 cycle at 200% of target). LTI values are calculated using the closing price of our common stock of $6.00 as of December 31, 2020.
2020 pay excludes supplemental retention RSUs granted in May 2020. For details, please see the sections entitled “2020 LTI Grants” and “2020 Retention Grants” under “Long-Term Incentive Compensation” below.
2017 pay excludes grants made in connection with stock option exchange program.
2020 Advisory Vote on Executive Compensation
Our Board has adopted the recommendation of our stockholders to hold annual advisory votes on the compensation of our NEOs, or “say-on-pay” votes. At our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders, over 97% of the stockholder votes cast were in favor of our 2019 executive compensation program, a significant improvement over the results of the say-on-pay vote at our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders. Our 2020 compensation program continues the stockholder alignment measures implemented in 2019 in response to stockholder feedback, and we believe our significantly improved 2020 results reflect stockholders’ approval of these measures. We continue to seek active engagement with stockholders on our executive compensation program and remain committed to employing compensation governance best practices and achieving pay-for-performance alignment.
Listening to Our Stockholders
Our management team and Board members regularly engage with stockholders to learn their views on important issues such as corporate governance and executive compensation. In advance of our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders, as in prior years, members of our management team extended invitations to discuss our proxy statement—including the compensation discussion and analysis and our executive compensation program—to institutional stockholders representing a significant percentage of our outstanding shares. The purpose of these discussions is to gain insight and perspective into our executive compensation programs and policies as disclosed in our proxy statement.
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Based on the feedback received from stockholders during our engagement efforts, the Compensation Committee has made significant changes to our executive compensation program and we have enhanced our disclosures to provide a better picture of our current program.
Compensation Component
Our Prior Practice
Investor Feedback
What We Did in Response to Investor Feedback
Type of Equity Awards
Our equity awards granted to our executive officers were predominantly time-based.
Equity awards should include a meaningful amount of performance-based awards in addition to time-based awards.
In 2020, we increased the portion of annual long-term compensation in PSUs to 55% of total LTI (from 51% in 2019, 25% in 2018, and 0% in 2017).
Clawback Policy
We had not adopted a clawback policy prior to 2018.
Incentive compensation should be subject to a clawback.
In 2018, we adopted a clawback policy that is applicable to our CEO and all officers who report directly to the CEO, including our NEOs.
Stock Ownership Guidelines
Prior to 2018, we had not adopted stock ownership guidelines.
Executive officers and non-employee members of the Board should be subject to stock ownership guidelines.
In 2018, we adopted stock ownership guidelines for our CEO, our other senior executive officers, and the non-employee members of the Board. We review these guidelines annually.
Executive Compensation Governance Highlights
We believe that the following executive compensation-related practices, which were in effect during 2020, serve our stockholders’ long-term interests:
What we do
Maintain an executive compensation program designed to align pay with performance
Balance near- and long-term strategic objectives by providing a mix of cash and equity incentives
Deliver the majority of compensation in the form of at-risk, variable pay
Award performance-based equity grants—more than half of the equity awards granted to our executive officers under our annual LTI program in 2020 are subject to performance conditions over a 3-year period
Benchmark compensation levels against a peer group of companies operating in similar industries and of a similar size and business complexity
Reference the market median when reviewing compensation for our executive officers
Maintain stock ownership guidelines for our executive officers and directors
Maintain an incentive compensation clawback policy
Prohibit hedging and pledging of our common stock by our directors, officers, and others with access to material nonpublic information
Conduct an annual assessment to identify and mitigate risk in compensation programs
Hold an annual stockholder advisory vote
Welcome and initiate direct engagement with stockholders
Align compensation with the interests of stockholders
Engage an independent consultant to advise on executive pay matters
Maintain an all-independent Compensation Committee that meets in executive session without members of management present
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What we don’t do
Make mid-cycle adjustments to long-term performance criteria
Allow excessive severance benefits or single trigger change in control payments
Offer tax gross-ups to any of our executive officers
Pay dividends on unvested equity awards
Offer supplemental executive retirement plans
Guarantee salary increases or bonuses for our executive officers
Provide uncapped award opportunities
Encourage excessive risk taking in our incentive plan designs
Compensation Philosophy and Objectives
The Compensation Committee is responsible for establishing, implementing, and monitoring our compensation philosophy. The Compensation Committee seeks to ensure that the total compensation paid to our executive officers is fair and reasonable.
The primary goal of our executive compensation program is to ensure that we attract, hire, and retain talented and experienced executive officers who are motivated to achieve or exceed our corporate goals. We seek to have an executive compensation program that fosters synergy among our management team, incentivizes our executive officers to achieve our short-term and long-term goals, and fairly rewards our executive officers for corporate and individual performance. In determining the form and amount of compensation payable to our executive officers, we are guided by the following objectives and principles:
Team-oriented approach to establishing compensation levels.
We believe that it is critical that our executive officers work together as a team to achieve overall corporate goals rather than focusing exclusively on individual departmental objectives.
Compensation should relate to performance.
We believe that executive compensation should be directly linked to corporate as well as individual performance, with an emphasis on performance-based compensation.
Equity awards help executive officers think like stockholders.
We believe that our executive officers’ total compensation should have a significant equity component because stock-based awards help reinforce the executive officers’ long-term interest in our overall performance and align the interests of our executive officers with the interests of our stockholders.
Total compensation opportunities should be competitive.
We believe that our total compensation programs should be competitive so that we can attract, retain, and motivate talented executive officers who will help us to perform better than our competitors.
We consider total cash and equity compensation for our executive officers, consisting of base salary, cash incentive bonuses, and equity awards, at approximately the 50th percentile of our peer group as a general guideline for the appropriate level of total cash and equity compensation. An individual executive may be compensated above or below the guideline percentage based on factors such as performance, job criticality, experience, skill set, direct retention concerns, and the constant fluctuation of the peer market. For 2020, we considered equity incentives for our executive officers at approximately the 50th percentile of our peer group as a general guideline for the appropriate level of equity compensation, but we did not attempt to benchmark equity compensation to any specific percentile. For new executive officer hires, we establish initial cash and equity compensation through arm’s length negotiation at the time we hire the individual executive officer, taking into account his or her position, qualifications, experience, prior salary level, the compensation of our other executive officers, and the most recent compensation survey of our peer group.
Our Compensation Committee has not adopted any formal or informal policies or guidelines for allocating compensation between cash and non-cash compensation, among different forms of non-cash compensation, or with respect to long-term and short-term performance. The determination of our Compensation Committee as to the appropriate use and weight of each component of executive compensation is subjective, based on its views of the relative importance of each component in meeting our overall objectives and factors relevant to the executive officer.
Pay and Performance Alignment in Our Target Compensation Mix
The Compensation Committee believes in a pay-for-performance compensation philosophy and intends to deliver a majority of target total executive pay opportunities through the annual cash incentive program and LTI. The charts below compare the percentage breakdown of target total direct compensation—comprising annual base salary, target cash incentive
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opportunity, and target LTI award—for 2020 for our CEO compared to our other NEOs. As illustrated below, 69% of our CEO’s target compensation is “at-risk” in the form of annual cash incentive and LTI. For the other NEOs, 55% of target compensation is at-risk or variable. For purposes of the pie charts below and the table in the section entitled “Elements of Executive Compensation,” we consider compensation to be at-risk or variable if the compensation: (i) is earned subject to performance-based conditions or (ii) varies as a result of performance, including stock price performance over time.
https://cdn.kscope.io/e76c286b14d0e16016bbedb2280462b2-bothpiesmct1.jpg
Compensation Process
Role of the Compensation Committee
The Compensation Committee has principal responsibility for reviewing our executive compensation structure, evaluating the performance of our executive officers relative to our corporate objectives, and considering and approving executive compensation. The fundamental responsibilities of our Compensation Committee are to:
assist the Board in providing oversight of our compensation policies, plans, and benefit programs;
assist the Board in discharging its responsibilities relating to oversight of the compensation of our executive officers (including officers reporting under Section 16 of the Exchange Act);
review and approve or make recommendations to the Board with respect to executive officer compensation, plans, policies, and programs; and
administer our equity compensation plans for executive officers and employees.
Our Compensation Committee:
is made up of solely independent directors;
meets in executive session without members of management present;
engages an independent consultant to advise on executive pay matters;
reviews its charter on a regular basis; and
regularly reviews the realizable pay of the CEO and other executive officers in light of the Company’s performance to ensure alignment of pay with performance.
In determining each executive officer’s compensation, our Compensation Committee reviews our corporate financial performance and financial condition and assesses the performance of the individual executive officers. Individual executive officer performance is evaluated by our CEO, in the case of other executive officers, and by the Compensation Committee, in the case of our CEO. Our CEO does not participate in Compensation Committee or Board deliberations regarding his own compensation. Our CEO meets with the Compensation Committee to discuss executive compensation matters and to make recommendations to the Compensation Committee with respect to other executive officers. The Compensation Committee may modify individual compensation components for executive officers and is not bound to accept the CEO’s recommendations. The Compensation Committee (or, in some cases, the independent members of the Board) makes all final compensation decisions for our executive officers. In addition, it is the Compensation Committee’s practice to consult with the independent members of the Board prior to making material changes to our compensation policies.
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Although we generally make many compensation decisions in the first quarter of the calendar year, the compensation evaluation process is ongoing. Compensation discussions and decisions are designed to promote our fundamental business objectives and strategy. Evaluation of management performance and rewards is performed annually or more often as needed.
Role of the Independent Compensation Consultant
Our Compensation Committee is authorized to engage the services of outside consultants. The Compensation Committee again engaged Meridian Compensation Partners, LLC, an independent compensation consulting firm (“Meridian”), as its compensation consultant for 2020 to review our executive compensation program, assess the competitiveness of such program, and advise our Compensation Committee on matters related to executive compensation. During 2020, Meridian assisted the Compensation Committee by providing the following services:
assisting us in confirming and updating an appropriate peer group of companies for purposes of benchmarking our levels of compensation;
gathering and analyzing compensation data from available compensation surveys;
advising us on policies related to executive officer and director stock ownership and structuring of such policies relative to peer group companies’ publicly disclosed policies;
conducting a twice yearly review of compliance and regulation updates related to executive compensation;
assisting us in assessing the competitiveness of our executive officer compensation program; and
providing guidance and direction concerning changes in peer market executive compensation standards in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Meridian served at the discretion of and reported directly to the Compensation Committee. The Committee assessed Meridian’s independence, taking into account, among other things, the independence standards and factors set forth in Exchange Act Rule 10C-1 and the applicable Nasdaq Listing Standards, and concluded that there were no conflicts of interest with respect to the work that Meridian performed for the Committee in 2020. Meridian did not provide any services to us or our management in 2020 other than those provided to the Committee and our Board as described below.
Use of Competitive Market Data
As directed by our Compensation Committee, Meridian developed an industry- and revenue size-appropriate peer group for purposes of benchmarking pay levels and practices. The benchmarking peer group includes companies in the medical device and biotechnology research-related industries that were comparable to us with respect to revenue. The benchmark companies considered by the Committee and Meridian as part of their executive compensation assessments (the “Peer Group”) were as follows:
Alphatec HoldingsInvitaeQuanterix
AtriCureLeMaitre VascularRepligen
CareDxLuminexSeaSpine Holdings
CodexisMeridian BioscienceSurModics
CuteraMesa LaboratoriesTandem Diabetes Care
EndologixNanostring TechnologiesTwist Bioscience
Enzo Biochem
Natera
Veracyte
GenMark DiagnosticsNeoGenomics
Harvard BiosciencePacific Biosciences of California
With Meridian’s assistance, the Compensation Committee used data from the Peer Group’s public filings and Radford’s Global Technology Survey to establish a competitive market range (+/- 15% of the median) within which individual pay could be positioned. Meridian provided the Compensation Committee with an analysis that identified the competitive market median range for each executive officer based on their respective, or substantially similar, positions at companies within the Peer Group. In cases where the data from the Peer Group was unavailable or insufficient, a competitive market median range was derived from survey data reflecting companies of comparative size and business profile.
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Elements of Executive Compensation and Related Variability (At-Risk) Profile
This section describes each component of compensation we pay to our executives.
ElementDescriptionObjectiveVariability
(At-Risk) Profile
Base Salary
Fixed cash compensation
Provide competitive, fixed compensation to attract and retain exceptional executive talent
Low
Annual Cash Incentive ProgramAnnual cash compensation with payouts tied to financial results and individual performanceIncrease alignment with stockholders by providing a direct financial incentive to achieve annual corporate financial goalsModerate to High
RSUsAwards vest 25% on the first anniversary of the grant date and then in equal quarterly installments over the next 3 yearsProvide alignment with stockholders and promote retention through the 4-year service-vesting requirementModerate
PSUsAwards vest after 3 years subject to relative TSR performance against the Russell 3000Provide performance incentives and align executives’ interests with stockholders by rewarding sustained share price performance and promote retention through the service-vesting requirementHigh
Base Salary
We pay an annual base salary to each of our executive officers in order to provide them with a fixed rate of cash compensation during the year. Our executive compensation philosophy is team-oriented as our success is dependent on our management team’s ability to work together to accomplish our corporate objectives. Therefore, we seek to provide our non-CEO executive officers with generally comparable levels of base salary.
2020 Base Salary. The Compensation Committee annually reviews the base salaries of our executive officers, including the NEOs, and makes adjustments to base salaries as it determines to be necessary or appropriate. In February 2020, our Compensation Committee reviewed our executive officers’ base salaries in light of 2019 performance ratings, Meridian’s analysis identifying the median base salary ranges for each of our executive officers compared to their respective, or substantially similar, positions in the Peer Group or Radford’s Global Technology Survey, and general compensation trends in our industry. Based on this review, the Committee decided to maintain the base salary of our CEO but did make moderate market-driven increases to the base salaries of certain other executive officers in 2020. However, as part of the Company’s efforts to actively manage its operating expenses and cash flows in response to the evolving market conditions, these increases did not become effective until the fourth quarter of 2020.
In addition, all executive officers participated in Company-wide temporary salary reductions and took a 20% base wage cut for a 16-week period during the second and third quarters of 2020. Salaries were fully reinstated at the end of such period, but no retroactive pay was provided.
The following table reflects the highest annualized base salaries for each of our NEOs for each of the past two fiscal years:
Named Executive Officer2019
Base Salary
2020
Base Salary(1)
2020 Base Salary Percentage Change
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite$564,720$564,720
President and CEO
Vikram Jog$362,274$376,7654%
Chief Financial Officer
Colin McCracken
$335,000(2)
$345,3113%
Chief Commercial Officer
Bradley Kreger$325,000$338,0004%
Senior Vice President, Global Operations
Nicholas Khadder$347,471$347,471
Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary

_________________________
(1)Amounts in this column do not reflect temporary salary reductions implemented in connection with the Company’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
(2)Mr. McCracken joined the Company on March 1, 2019. This represents Mr. McCracken’s annualized base salary at the time of hire.
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Annual Cash Incentive Program
Our cash incentive program, which is adopted annually by the Compensation Committee pursuant to our Executive Bonus Plan, is intended to provide a significant portion of our executive officers’ potential compensation. In contrast to the longer term incentives of equity incentive awards, our cash incentive program is designed to ensure that our executive officers are focused on our near-term performance—generally as measured by revenue and cash goals established in our annual operating plan—and on working together to achieve key identified corporate objectives, typically weighted toward financial objectives, during the applicable year. We believe the program supports our “pay-for-performance” culture.
2020 Cash Incentive Program. In late 2019 and early 2020, our Compensation Committee, in conjunction with Meridian, reviewed our annual cash incentive program to ensure its focus on the Company’s strategic imperatives and alignment with stockholder interests. With the significant impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company, the Committee structured the 2020 Cash Incentive Program with the objective of emphasizing cash flow, critical employee retention, and the delivery of products related to pandemic relief, as well as incentivizing revenue growth, cash management, and achievement of other strategic objectives applicable to each executive officer, described below under Individual Performance Goals.
Target incentive opportunities for the executive officers are reviewed annually to ensure they are competitive as compared to our Peer Group. The 2020 base salary, target cash incentive percentage, and target cash incentive amount for each NEO are set forth in the table below:
Named Executive Officer
Annualized Base Salary
Target Cash Incentive as a % of 2020 Base Salary
Target Cash Incentive Amount
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
$564,72085.0%$480,012
Vikram Jog
$376,76555.0%$207,221
Colin McCracken
$345,31155.0%$189,921
Bradley Kreger
$338,00050.0%$169,000
Nicholas Khadder(1)
$347,47150.0%$173,736
_________________________
(1)As reported in the Company’s prior filings, Mr. Khadder left the Company on March 13, 2020 and was rehired effective April 27, 2020. He became eligible to participate in our 2020 Cash Incentive Program on his rehire date; accordingly, the estimated future payout amount Mr. Khadder was eligible to earn was based on his salary, pro-rated from April 27, 2020 to December 31, 2020. As adjusted, his target cash incentive amount was $118,197.
Cash Incentive Program Structure. Our 2020 Cash Incentive Program was based on the achievement of two corporate performance metrics—revenue growth and cash management, weighted equally—and then adjusted in each case by an individual performance multiplier.
Corporate Performance Goals. Corporate performance goals are generally established each year as part of the Company’s annual operating plan process, which is overseen and approved by the Board. Cash targets are established by starting with the prior year’s total ending cash balance and estimating the projected revenue and cash burn—based on anticipated investments in research and development, contract requirements, headcount, and other operational components—for the coming year. For purposes of the annual cash incentive program, “cash achieved” does not include cash provided by financing activities and nonrecurring events; however, those additional cash amounts are included when setting the cash target for the following year.
At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, the Compensation Committee had reviewed the revenue and cash performance targets proposed by management in the Company’s annual operating plan, but the final terms of the 2020 Cash Incentive Program had not yet been approved. Because of the substantial uncertainty surrounding the pandemic and the significant negative impact it was anticipated to have on the Company’s revenue, the Compensation Committee initially excluded the revenue component of the 2020 Cash Incentive Program and determined to focus on cash management. Thereafter, the Compensation Committee continued to review the Company’s performance as to both metrics on a quarterly basis. As the Company’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic became more clear, however, the Compensation Committee restored the revenue component of the Cash Incentive Program in the second half of 2020.
The 2020 Cash Incentive Program was designed so that the bonus pool would fund at 100% if the Company achieved the revenue target of $123.0 million of product and service revenue and the cash target of $36.9 million (excluding cash provided by financing activities and nonrecurring events), with minimum thresholds of 90% of target revenue and 80% of target cash that had to be achieved in order to fund on a sliding scale up to 100%. If performance exceeded the target levels, the pool would be funded on a sliding scale based on the amount by which actual results exceeded the targets, up to a funding cap of 200% for substantial over-performance relative to the revenue target, and up to a funding cap of 140% for substantial over-performance
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relative to the cash target. No cash incentives would be paid unless the minimum threshold revenue and cash conditions were satisfied.
For context and to demonstrate the Compensation Committee’s commitment to pay-for-performance principles, the 2020 cash performance target that was ultimately approved by the Committee represented 100% of the corresponding amount in the Company’s annual operating plan as presented to the Board by our management team in early 2020. Further, the 2020 revenue performance goal, reflecting product and service revenue only, was set above the performance level actually achieved in 2019. The amount of the 2020 cash performance goal reflected the Company’s anticipated cash burn prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and did not contemplate financing activities or anticipate nonrecurring events.
Individual Performance Goals. Some of the individual performance objectives identified for each of the executive officers are summarized below.
Named Executive Officer
Title
Individual Performance Goals
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
President and CEO
Achieve internal revenue growth targets. Pivot business to address opportunities presented by COVID-19.
Vikram Jog
Chief Financial Officer
Develop strategy for and execute equity financing plans. Achieve cost reduction and cash preservation goals. Develop and implement 5-year financial models and plans.
Colin McCracken
Chief Commercial Officer
Develop and lead mitigation strategies for revenue risk arising from COVID-19. Establish government relations activities to access new markets.
Bradley Kreger
Senior Vice President, Global Operations
Oversee the implementation of operational and safety improvements necessitated by COVID-19. Partner with R&D and QA to complete EUA submissions. Implement productivity and efficiency initiatives in manufacturing operations, including activities related to COVID-19.
Nicholas Khadder
Senior Vice President, General Counsel & Secretary
Oversee and direct litigation and intellectual property strategies to achieve monetary goals. Direct legal oversight of EUA submissions, commercial and government contracting, and various COVID-19-related business actions.
Cash Incentive Awards. In March 2021, the Compensation Committee reviewed and approved our performance against the revenue and cash targets. The achievement percentage associated with each target was determined by interpolating actual performance within the applicable performance range. In evaluating corporate performance relative to 2020 objectives, the Committee determined that the requirements for the 2020 Cash Incentive Program had been achieved for both revenue and cash targets and exceeded in the cash target component. The Committee then reviewed, with input from Mr. Linthwaite with respect to the other executive officers, each executive officer’s individual performance based in large part on achievements in the functional department overseen by that officer. The Committee approved the individual performance modifiers proposed by Mr. Linthwaite with respect to the other executive officers, and approved Mr. Linthwaite’s individual performance modifier based on the Committee’s evaluation of his performance.
As reflected in the table below, the Company exceeded the minimum performance thresholds necessary to fund a payout for 2020, achieving revenue and cash performance levels of 98% and 139% of target, respectively.
Performance Measure
Weight
Threshold
(% of Target)
Target
($M)
Maximum
(% of Target)
FY2020 Result
($M)
Achievement
Relative to Target
Revenue
50%90%$123.0120%$122.598%
Cash
50%80%$36.9140%$38.7139%
Total Funding
119%

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The following charts illustrate the performance targets set and the actual results achieved for the 2020 Cash Incentive Program as compared to the 2019 Cash Incentive Program:
https://cdn.kscope.io/e76c286b14d0e16016bbedb2280462b2-a42-12020revenueperformanc.jpg https://cdn.kscope.io/e76c286b14d0e16016bbedb2280462b2-a42-22020cashperformance31.jpg
______________________
In order to establish more restrictive cash and revenue performance-based metrics, only certain components of each metric are counted towards achievement of the metric goals. For purposes of determining whether the annual performance targets have been met, “Cash Performance” excludes cash provided by financing activities and nonrecurring events and, for 2020, “Revenue Performance” consists exclusively of product and service revenue. The charts above show the Company’s total achievement in each metric category as well as the limited portion of such metric that was counted for purposes of the Cash Incentive Program.
“Revenue Performance” for 2020 excludes approximately $3.6 million of grant revenue, approximately $8.9 million of development revenue, and approximately $3.1 million of license revenue received in connection with the settlement of intellectual property infringement claims.
The “Cash Target” and “Cash Performance” for 2019 both reflect the approximately $59 million net cash raised in the Company’s December 2018 public equity offering.
“Cash Performance” for 2020 includes approximately $3.3 million that was paid to employees as an early partial bonus in December 2020, excludes both the approximately $20.1 million of proceeds raised in our ATM equity offering program in the third quarter of 2020 and approximately $13.9 million of net proceeds received under our 2020 contract with the NIH for a project under its RADx program, and reflects approximately $5.2 million in cash paid in connection with the Company’s acquisition of InstruNor AS in January 2020.

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The following table lists some of the key achievements supporting the Compensation Committee’s individual performance assessments for 2020.
Named Executive Officer
Key Achievements
Individual
Performance
Modifier
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
Expanded on Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) relationship to develop relationships and contract opportunities with NIH, U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Secured, through competitive process, $34 million contract from NIH for COVID-19 test development and manufacturing scale-up
Negotiated $11.5 million R&D funding and 10-year OEM supply agreement related to microfluidics business
Oversaw negotiation of litigation settlements, achieving monetary value targets
109%
Vikram Jog
Managed the financial components of 2020 microfluidics business pivot addressing the challenges and opportunities of the COVID-19 pandemic
Renewed $15 million SVB revolving asset-based lending credit facility
Activated ATM and raised more than $20 million at average price of more than $8 per share
Negotiated Q1 R&D funding/OEM supply agreement, and contributed to NIH application process and contract development
128%
Colin McCracken
Achieved objective revenue based on revised COVID-19 plan
Grew Americas region sales by more than 50%, exceeding regional goal for the year
Managed and redirected commercial operating expenses, focusing on opportunities and resource efficiency
131%
Bradley Kreger
Pivoted manufacturing strategy to address risks associated with COVID-19 business impacts
Identified and executed numerous productivity and efficiency initiatives related to COVID-19 pandemic, exceeding annual plan targets
Successfully managed transition of IT organization, ensuring multiple critical functional improvements were implemented
122%
Nick Khadder
Directed litigation strategy, including settlement of certain lawsuits to achieve target dollar values
Oversaw and provided legal support for successful EUA approval by the FDA and various commercial and government contracting, including NIH contract negotiation and implementation
Achieved targeted annual spend reductions including external legal services fee reductions and reduced litigation costs
96%
The following table sets forth the actual cash incentives awarded for the 2020 performance period.
Named Executive OfficerTarget Cash Incentive AmountCash Incentive AwardedCash Incentive Awarded as a % of 2020 Target Cash Incentive
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite$480,012$624,016130%
Vikram Jog$207,221$316,465153%
Colin McCracken
$189,921$307,004162%
Bradley Kreger$169,000$245,621145%
Nicholas Khadder(1)
$118,197$135,010114%
_________________________
(1)Target cash incentive amount reflects adjustment based on Mr. Khadder’s April 27, 2020 rehire date. Mr. Khadder’s performance rating for 2020 was set at “target” per Company policy regarding ratings for individuals who join during the bonus year.
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Committee Discretion. Under the Executive Bonus Plan, the Compensation Committee retains discretion to pay or eliminate bonuses irrespective of achievement of the pre-established goals. We believe that maintaining this flexibility is helpful in ensuring that executive officers are neither rewarded nor penalized as a result of unusual circumstances not foreseeable at the time the goals were developed.
Long-Term Incentive Compensation
The largest component of our executive compensation program is long-term equity incentive awards. We believe that equity awards are an effective means of aligning the interests of executive officers and stockholders, rewarding executive officers for the Company’s success over the long term, and providing executive officers an incentive to remain with us. We have historically granted equity awards to new executive officers upon the commencement of their employment and consider additional grants to existing executive officers annually, based on our overall corporate performance, individual performance, and the executive officers’ existing equity grants and equity holdings.
2020 LTI Grants
In March 2020, the Compensation Committee granted 55% of target long-term incentive compensation to NEOs in the form of PSUs and 45% in the form of time-based RSUs. In May 2020, after careful review, multiple discussions, and consideration of input from the Committee’s independent consultant and the CEO, the Compensation Committee recommended the issuance of additional retention-focused equity grants in the form of service-based RSUs (“2020 Retention Grants”) to the employee population identified as having critical skills required to continue the Company’s operations in a pandemic-impacted economy. The grants were in supplement to the annual LTI equity program and vest over a period of three years, with 50% of shares vesting one year from the date of grant and 25% vesting each on year two and year three from date of grant. The Compensation Committee considers these grants an exception to Fluidigm’s current practice of performance-weighted equity and not an expected future practice. Further detail on the 2020 Retention Grants is provided below.
The LTI awards granted to our NEOs in 2020 are set forth below.
Annual LTI Program
Retention RSUs(3)
Named Executive Officer
RSUs(1)
PSUs
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite123,555151,012310,000
Vikram Jog38,25046,75090,000
Colin McCracken38,25046,750120,000
Bradley Kreger38,25046,750100,000
Nicholas Khadder(2)
65,00060,000
_________________________
(1)RSUs vest over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on February 20, 2021 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(2)Represents RSUs granted to Mr. Khadder following his April 27, 2020 rehire date.
(3)The 2020 Retention Grants vest over three years, with 1/2 of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on May 20, 2021 and 1/4 of such shares vesting on each of May 20, 2022 and May 20, 2023.
2020 Annual LTI Program Design
https://cdn.kscope.io/e76c286b14d0e16016bbedb2280462b2-mix_ofxannualxltixforx2020.jpg
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All LTI is subject to the executive officer’s continued service through the applicable vesting date(s).
RSUs generally vest 25% on the first anniversary of the grant date and then in equal installments on a quarterly basis over the next three years.
PSUs have two vesting components that must be met before the award vests: (i) a performance-based component and (ii) a time-based component. PSUs become eligible to vest at the end of three years subject to the Company’s relative TSR performance against the Russell 3000. The Compensation Committee established threshold, target and maximum relative TSR performance levels and established a payout percentage curve that relates each level of performance to a payout expressed as a percentage of the target PSUs, as illustrated in the table below:
Relative TSR Rank
% PSUs Earned(1)
Below Threshold
< 25th Percentile
0%
Threshold
25th Percentile
50%
Target
50th Percentile
100%
Maximum
75th Percentile
200%
_________________________
(1)The number of PSUs that become eligible to vest (if any) will be linearly interpolated for relative TSR performance between the 25th and 50th percentile and for relative TSR performance between the 50th percentile and 75th percentile.
In the event of a change in control occurring before December 31, 2022, the performance period will end on the date of the closing of the change in control and the PSUs will vest based on the greater of (i) target and (ii) actual relative TSR rank over the shortened performance period, using an ending price equal to the per share amount payable to Company stockholders in the change in control.
2020 Retention Grants
Fluidigm faced a unique set of challenges with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in the first quarter of 2020. As the world went into lock-down, a majority of our customers were either closed or working at reduced capacity, resulting in lower than expected sales of our products and, accordingly, substantial uncertainty with respect to revenues and cash flow from operations. Accordingly, cash management became a vital priority at the same time the potential opportunity for the Company to make a rapid pivot to COVID-19 response using existing technology became apparent.
As early as February 2020, Fluidigm’s executive leadership team and Board began the process of developing and testing a number of operational response plans intended to sustain the Company during the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, while at the same time honoring our commitment to our stockholders for sustainable revenue growth and best-in-peer executive compensation practices. Since the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic and public health emergency of international concern, Fluidigm has played a significant role in the global response, both in immune profiling and in virus detection and testing. Moreover, the Company sought to commit fully to this endeavor while maintaining pre-COVID-19 operational levels, capability, and operating plan expenditures.
In consideration of these concerns, the Company’s Board and management took the following steps to ensure Fluidigm’s ability to meet the increasing demands.
1.As part of the Company’s early cash preservation strategies in 2020, our executive officers took a 20% cut to base pay from April 16, 2020 through July 15, 2020, with no retroactive pay provided after salaries were restored. These strategies were implemented during a period of indeterminate revenue production and saved approximately $1.7 million in cash, allowing us to maintain employment levels and mitigate negative impact to production. These operating expense reductions were crucial as they allowed Fluidigm to focus on and increase staffing in critical product areas that, in turn, led to the Company’s significant revenue growth for 2020, based largely on the prominent role Fluidigm played in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
2.As part of our commitment to weighting executive compensation in favor of pay-for-performance, the CEO and other NEOs had not received increases to base pay since 2018. It was determined that, after two years of static base wages, nominal increases in the range of 3% to 4% would be provided to the NEOs other than the CEO. However, the effective date of these increases was delayed until the fourth quarter of 2020 as part of the executive contribution to cash preservation under our ongoing COVID-19 operations plan.
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3.As the need for increased global testing capacity rapidly became apparent, the demand for skilled and experienced talent increased correspondingly at Fluidigm and among our peer companies. Fluidigm had within its ranks employees whose significant skill sets were essential to the development and marketing of COVID-19 testing products and who were suddenly at high risk of recruitment by multiple direct competitors. During this period in which the ability to respond nimbly and decisively to the market was essential, talent shortfalls could quickly translate into lost opportunities and decreased revenue. In order to retain a viable workforce and ensure management continuity, the Compensation Committee made the decision to provide a special retention equity grant for identified critically skilled employees. Equity was deemed to be the most appropriate retention mechanism, as the Company was focused on preserving operational cash. 2020 Retention Grants, in the form of three-year time-vesting RSUs, were provided to approximately 20% of Fluidigm employees. While the 2020 Retention Grants were supplemental to the March 2020 annual equity grants, it’s important to note that 2020 annual grants were provided at approximately 50% of peer market value in order to preserve the Company’s current equity pool and maintain the requested burn rate standards of our stockholder groups.
The Board believes that the Compensation Committee’s decision to issue the 2020 Retention Grants enabled Fluidigm to protect its operations during a time of extreme challenges and to realize significant new business opportunities, ultimately creating value for stockholders as demonstrated by the strong TSR performance in 2020.
2020 LTI Considerations
The Compensation Committee approved the annual LTI award opportunities for our NEOs other than the CEO based on the CEO’s recommendations and the factors described above in Compensation Philosophy and Objectives. In approving Mr. Linthwaite’s annual LTI award opportunity, the Compensation Committee contemplated the same philosophical factors as well as other considerations including:
the Company’s performance during Mr. Linthwaite’s tenure as CEO;
the Board’s desire to retain his leadership;
targeted market positioning as compared to an appropriately sized benchmarking peer group;
the fact that Mr. Linthwaite did not receive an increase to base salary for 2020; and
strengthened alignment of Mr. Linthwaite interests with those of the Company’s stockholders.
Further, PSUs would only be earned upon the Company’s sustained relative TSR performance over three years. As indicated above, the realizable value of these PSUs aligns directly with stockholders, demonstrating the Compensation Committee’s commitment to linking pay with performance.
Payouts for the 2018 PSU Grants
Following the end of the performance period beginning January 1, 2018 and ending December 31, 2020, the Compensation Committee certified the performance and vesting of the PSUs granted in March 2018, based on the following predetermined payout scale:
Relative TSR Rank vs. Russell 3000
% PSUs Earned(1)
Below Threshold
< 25th Percentile
0%
Threshold
25th Percentile
50%
Target
50th Percentile
100%
Maximum
75th Percentile
200%
_________________________
(1)The number of PSUs that become eligible to vest (if any) will be linearly interpolated for relative TSR performance between the 25th and 50th percentile and for relative TSR performance between the 50th percentile and 75th percentile.
The performance outcome for the 2018 PSUs was the 55th percentile, which resulted in 118.55% of the target PSUs being earned. The Compensation Committee certified PSU performance and vesting, by NEO, as follows:
Named Executive OfficerTarget PSUs (#)PSUs Vested (#)% Target Vested
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite54,50064,609118.55%
Vikram Jog15,70018,612118.55%
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Response to Stockholder Feedback
In 2019, one of our largest stockholders expressed uncertainty as to whether relative TSR performance against the Russell 3000 was the most appropriate metric for the PSUs granted to our executive officers and suggested a reexamination of the design for future PSU grants.
In response to the stockholder feedback, our Compensation Committee directed its independent compensation consultant, Meridian, to analyze potential changes to our PSU design for the upcoming 2020 LTI grants, including the feasibility of using an industry-specific relative TSR index in lieu of the Russell 3000 and the replacement of relative TSR with one or more absolute metrics.
The Compensation Committee then carefully considered the results of Meridian’s analysis, evaluating various alternatives, and determined that we would continue to use TSR as the performance measure for the PSUs granted to our executive officers in 2020, and that we would continue to use the Russell 3000 as the relative TSR comparator for such PSUs. The Committee made this determination, in part, because it believes that:
TSR encourages long-term strategic focus on creation of stockholder value beyond executives’ financial and operational targets;
the current PSU design requires Fluidigm to out-perform a broad market index; and
the analysis did not support a compelling reason to select an industry-specific comparison group over the Russell 3000.
The Compensation Committee also noted that, because the current PSU design was adopted in 2018 and no payouts had yet been realized, no conclusion could yet be reached as to its efficacy as a measure of the Company’s performance.
Our Compensation Committee will continue to consider our stockholders’ views when making future decisions regarding the structure and implementation of our executive compensation program.
Guidelines and Policies
Executive Officer Stock Ownership Guidelines
Our Board has approved stock ownership guidelines for our executive officers to further align their interests with the interests of our stockholders.
Pursuant to the guidelines, our CEO is expected to accumulate and hold a number of shares of our common stock equal to the lesser of (i) that number of shares with a value equal to three times his annual base salary or (ii) 265,300 shares and to maintain this minimum amount of stock ownership throughout his tenure as CEO. Under the guidelines, our other key executive officers, including our NEOs other than the CEO, are expected to accumulate and hold a number of shares of our common stock equal to the lesser of (i) that number of shares with a value equal to his or her annual base salary or (ii) the number of shares determined by dividing his or her then-current annual base salary by $6.14 and to maintain this minimum amount of stock ownership throughout his or her tenure as a covered key executive officer. For purposes of determining share ownership under the guidelines, shares owned includes shares owned outright and vested in-the-money stock options, but does not include value or shares attributable to unvested time vesting restricted stock, unvested and/or out-of-the money stock options and/or unearned performance shares.
Our key executive officers, including our CEO and our other NEOs, are expected to achieve the applicable level of ownership by the end of the fiscal year that follows the five-year anniversary of the date he or she becomes covered by the guidelines.
In the event such an executive officer falls out of compliance with the guidelines at any time, he or she will be required to maintain 50% of the shares (net of tax and exercise costs) acquired through vesting or exercise of awards until the guidelines are again satisfied. The guidelines include a once-met-always-met policy such that each executive officer covered by our guidelines will be deemed to satisfy the guideline if they hold at least the number of shares that, as of the first measurement date they comply with the guidelines, was equal to the guideline value (i.e., following the initial compliance, the policy for each executive officer will reset to the lesser of the guideline value or the number of shares that originally satisfied the guideline).
Clawback Policy
Our Board has adopted a compensation clawback policy pursuant to which we may seek the recovery of performance-based cash and equity incentive compensation paid to our CEO and to all officers who report directly to the CEO, including our NEOs. The clawback policy provides that if (i) we restate our financial statements as a result of a material error; (ii) the amount of cash incentive compensation or performance-based equity compensation that was paid or is payable based on achievement of
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specific financial results paid to a participant would have been less if the financial statements had been correct; (iii) no more than two years have elapsed since the original filing date of the financial statements upon which the incentive compensation was determined; and (iv) our Compensation Committee unanimously concludes, in its sole discretion, that fraud or intentional misconduct by such participant caused the material error and it would be in our best interests to seek from such participant recovery of the excess compensation, then our Compensation Committee may, in its sole discretion, seek repayment from such participant.
No Hedging or Pledging
The Company’s Insider Trading Policy prohibits all officers, directors, and other employees with access to sensitive Company information from engaging in any form of hedging transaction (derivatives, equity swaps, forwards, etc.) in the Company’s stock, including, among other things, short sales and transactions involving publicly traded options. In addition, such officers, directors, and employees are prohibited from holding the Company’s stock in margin accounts and from pledging the Company’s stock as collateral for loans. We believe that these policies further align the interests of our officers and directors with those of our stockholders.
Other Benefits
Change of Control and Severance Plan
Each of our executive officers participates in our 2020 Change of Control and Severance Plan adopted in August 2020, which provides for specified payments and benefits if the executive officer’s employment is terminated for a reason other than for cause, death or disability, or if the executive officer’s employment is terminated by the executive officer for good reason, with the payments and benefits provided generally greater if such termination occurs in connection with a change of control. The terms of our executive officers’ participation in the Change of Control and Severance Plan are described under the section entitled “Potential Payments upon Termination or Change of Control.
Our Board concluded that it is in the best interests of our Company and our stockholders to provide assurances of specified benefits to certain of our employees, including our executive officers, whose employment is subject to being involuntarily terminated other than for death, disability, or cause or voluntarily terminated for good reason under the circumstances described in the plan. Our Board determined to provide such executive officers with certain severance benefits upon their termination of employment without cause outside of the change of control context in order to provide executive officers with enhanced financial security and incentive to remain with our Company. In addition, we believe that providing for acceleration of equity awards if an executive officer is terminated following a change of control transaction aligns the executive officer’s interest more closely with those of other stockholders when evaluating the transaction rather than putting the executive officer at risk of losing the benefits of those equity incentives.
In determining the amount of cash payments, benefits coverage, and acceleration of vesting to be provided to executive officers upon termination, our Board considered the following factors:
the expected time required for an executive officer to find comparable employment following a termination event;
feedback received from potential candidates for executive officer positions at our Company as to the level of severance payments and benefits they would require in order to leave other employment and join our Company;
in the context of a change of control, the amount of vesting acceleration that would align the executive officer’s interests more closely with the interests of stockholders when considering a potential change of control transaction; and
the period of time following a change of control during which management positions are evaluated and subject to a heightened risk of elimination.
Split Dollar Life Insurance
The Company has entered into an agreement with our CEO, Mr. Linthwaite, to pay the full amount of the premium of a life insurance policy covering him with an initial face amount of $2,500,000. We entered into this agreement for the purposes of ensuring Mr. Linthwaite’s focus on increasing value for the stockholders. The value of the Company’s payment of such premiums is treated as taxable income to Mr. Linthwaite. In the event of Mr. Linthwaite’s death, Mr. Linthwaite’s designated beneficiaries will receive $2,000,000 of the proceeds from the life insurance policy, and the Company will receive the remainder of the proceeds. The Company is entitled to 100% of the policy’s cash value, less any policy loans and unpaid interest or prior cash withdrawals. The agreement will terminate upon the first to occur of: (i) Mr. Linthwaite’s termination of employment for any reason before age 65; (ii) Mr. Linthwaite’s reaching the age of 65 while employed by the Company; or (iii) the surrender, lapse, or other termination of the life insurance policy by the Company.
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Employee Benefits
Executive officers are eligible to participate in all of our employee health and welfare plans, such as medical, dental, vision, group life, disability, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, as well as our 401(k) or comparable non-U.S. retirement plan, in each case on the same basis as our other employees, subject to applicable law. Subject to applicable limits, we match contributions made to U.S.-based employees’ 401(k) defined contribution plans up to a maximum of $3,000 per year. We also provide vacation and other paid holidays to all employees, including our executive officers, which we believe are comparable to those provided at peer companies.
Accounting and Tax Considerations
Deductibility of Executive Compensation
Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), places a limit of $1,000,000 on the amount of compensation that we can deduct as a business expense in any year with respect to our CEO and certain of our other executive officers. While the Compensation Committee considers the deductibility of compensation as a factor in making compensation decisions, the Committee retains the flexibility to provide compensation that is consistent with our goals for our executive compensation program even if such compensation is not fully tax deductible.
Taxation of Nonqualified Deferred Compensation
Section 409A of the Code imposes additional taxes on certain non-qualified deferred compensation arrangements that do not comply with its requirements. These requirements regulate an individual’s election to defer compensation and the individual’s selection of the timing and form of distribution of the deferred compensation. Section 409A generally also provides that distributions of deferred compensation only can be made on or following the occurrence of certain events (i.e., the individual’s separation from service, a predetermined date, a change in control, or the individual’s death or disability). For certain executive officers, Section 409A requires that such individual’s distribution commence no earlier than six months after such officer’s separation from service. We have endeavored to structure our compensation arrangements to be exempt from or to comply with Section 409A and will continue to do so. Further, we do not offer tax gross-ups related to Section 409A to any of our executive officers.
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation
The impact of accounting treatment is considered in developing and implementing our compensation programs, including the accounting treatment as it applies to amounts awarded or paid to our executive officers.
Risk Management Considerations
In setting compensation, our Compensation Committee strives to create incentives that encourage a level of risk-taking consistent with our business strategy and to encourage a focus on building long-term value that does not encourage excessive risk-taking. In connection with its oversight of compensation-related risks, our Compensation Committee has reviewed our compensation programs and practices for employees, including executive and non-executive programs and practices. In its review, our Compensation Committee evaluated whether our policies and programs encourage unnecessary or excessive risk-taking and controls, and how such policies and programs are structured with respect to risks and rewards, as well as controls designed to mitigate any risks. As a result of this review, our Compensation Committee determined that any risks that may result from our compensation policies and practices for our employees are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company.
Compensation Committee Report
The Compensation Committee oversees Fluidigm’s compensation policies, plans, and benefit programs. The Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with management. Based on such review and discussions, the Committee has recommended to the Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this proxy statement.
The Compensation Committee
Nicolas Barthelemy (Chair)
Gerhard F. Burbach
Bill W. Colston
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The Compensation Committee Report does not constitute soliciting material, and shall not be deemed to be filed or incorporated by reference into any other filing by Fluidigm under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent Fluidigm specifically incorporates the Compensation Committee Report by reference therein.

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SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE FOR 2020
The following table provides information regarding the compensation of our CEO, Chief Financial Officer, and each of the next three most highly compensated executive officers during 2020. We refer to these individuals as our NEOs elsewhere in this report.
Name and Principal PositionYearSalary
($)
Bonus
($)
Stock Awards
($)
(1)
Option Awards
($)
(1)
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
(2)
All Other
Compensation
($)
Total
($)
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite2020536,4842,600,852624,016
39,515(3)
3,800,867
President and CEO
2019564,7203,024,33884,48239,5153,713,055
2018553,8601,186,155344,884461,79438,5152,585,213
Vikram Jog2020347,783775,978316,465
3,000(4)
1,443,226
Chief Financial Officer
2019362,274982,91143,2603,0001,391,445
2018355,979
122,122(5)
341,73499,312204,3902,0001,125,539
Colin McCracken(6)
2020
318,780(7)
922,678307,004
108,992(8)
1,657,454
Chief Commercial Officer2019
246,800(9)
1,504,47435,326
125,164(10)
1,911,764
Bradley Kreger(11)
2020312,000824,878245,621
3,000(4)
1,385,499
Senior Vice President, Global Operations2019325,000982,91141,3883,0001,352,299
2018243,750295,000338,930115,5172,000995,197
Nicholas Khadder(12)
2020293,770611,250135,010
10,499(13)
1,050,529
Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary
2019347,471907,3043,0001,257,775
2018341,110
150,472(5)
341,73499,312156,8312,0001,091,461
_________________________
(1)Amounts represent the aggregate grant date fair value of equity awards granted to the NEO in the year indicated, calculated in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 without regard to estimated forfeitures. Under FASB ASC Topic 718, the provisions of the PSU awards related to TSR are considered a market condition and are valued using a Monte Carlo simulation pricing model to incorporate the market condition effects at our grant date. The grant date fair value of time-based RSUs equals the fair value of FLDM’s stock on the grant date. As PSUs have the potential to pay out at 200% of target, PSUs have a higher grant date fair value than time-based RSUs. For Fluidigm, on average, the grant date fair value of PSUs has been approximately 170% of the grant date fair value of FLDM’s stock. The grant date fair value of Mr. Linthwaite’s 2020 PSU award was $727,877, and the value of the maximum potential payout for such PSUs was $872,849. The grant date fair value of the 2020 PSU award issued to each of Messrs. Jog, McCracken, and Kreger was $225,335, and the value of the maximum potential payout for each such PSU award was $270,215. Mr. Khadder’s 2020 PSU award was forfeited upon his resignation from the Company in March 2020.
(2)The amounts in this column represent total performance-based bonuses earned pursuant to our annual cash incentive program under the Executive Bonus Plan for service rendered during the applicable year. A portion of such amounts were paid subsequent to year end. For a description of our annual cash incentive program, please see the section entitled “Annual Cash Incentive Program” under “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” above.
(3)Consists of Company contributions of $3,000 made to Mr. Linthwaite’s 401(k) defined contribution plan, $27,500 of payments made by the Company for life insurance policy premiums, and $9,015 of payments made by the Company in disability insurance premiums.
(4)Consists of Company contributions made to the applicable NEO’s 401(k) defined contribution plan.
(5)Amounts represent the value of RSUs received pursuant to our retention bonus exchange program.
(6)Mr. McCracken joined Fluidigm as Chief Commercial Officer in March 2019.
(7)Based on conversion of Canadian Dollars (“CAD”) to US Dollars (“USD”) at a rate of 1 CAD to 0.7464 USD, the average exchange rate for the period beginning January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020.
(8)Consists of Company contributions of $10,162 made to Mr. McCracken’s registered retirement savings plan, $1,930 of payments made by the Company for relocation expenses, $5,500 of payments made by the Company for car allowance, $49,500 of payments made by the Company for living expenses, and $7,700 of payments made by the Company for education and tuition amounts for Mr. McCracken’s dependent child, and includes advance payments made to Mr. McCracken of $3,000 for car allowance, $27,000 for living expenses, and $4,200 for education and tuition amounts for Mr. McCracken’s dependent child for the period covering January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021. A prorated amount of such advance payments will be reimbursed by Mr. McCracken if he leaves the Company prior to June 30, 2021.
(9)Based on conversion of British Pounds (“GBP”) to USD from March 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019 at a rate of 1 GBP to 1.2774 USD, and conversion of CAD to USD from September 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 at a rate of 1 CAD to 0.7539 USD, the average exchange rates for the period beginning January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019.
(10)Consists of Company contributions of $13,715 made to Mr. McCracken’s UK pension plan from March 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019, $1,900 of payments made by the Company for Canadian comprehensive medical coverage premiums from September 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019, $64,615 of payments made by the Company for relocation expenses, $6,860 of payments made by the Company for car allowance, $31,500 of payments made by the Company for living expenses, and $6,574 of payments made by the Company for education and tuition amounts for Mr. McCracken’s dependent child.
(11)Mr. Kreger joined Fluidigm as Senior Vice President, Global Operations in April 2018.
(12)Mr. Khadder’s resignation from the Company in March 2020 resulted in the forfeiture of all of his then-unvested equity awards. Mr. Khadder rejoined the Company on April 27, 2020.
(13)Consists of Company contributions of $3,000 made to Mr. Khadder’s 401(k) defined contribution plan, and payments of $4,826 for payout of accumulated vacation and $2,673 for payout of accumulated floating holidays.
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GRANTS OF PLAN BASED AWARDS
The following table presents information concerning each grant of an award made to an NEO in 2020 under any plan.
Estimated Future Payouts Under
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards ($)
(1)
Estimated Future Payments Under
Equity Incentive Plan Awards
(#)
All Other Stock
Awards:
Number
of Shares
of Stock
or Units
(#)(2)
Grant Date
Fair Value of
Stock and
Option
Awards
($)(3)
NameGrant DateThresholdTargetMaximumThresholdTargetMaximum
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
01/30/2020(4)
432,011480,0121,200,030
03/10/202075,506151,012302,024727,878
03/10/2020123,555357,074
05/23/2020
310,000(5)
1,515,900
Vikram Jog
01/30/2020(4)
186,499207,221518,052
03/10/202023,37546,75093,500225,335
03/10/202038,250110,543
05/23/2020
90,000(5)
440,100
Colin McCracken
01/30/2020(4)
170,929189,921474,802
03/10/202023,37546,75093,500225,335
03/10/202038,250110,543
05/23/2020
120,000(5)
586,800
Bradley Kreger
01/30/2020(4)
152,100169,000422,500
03/10/202023,37546,75093,500225,335
03/10/202038,250110,543
05/23/2020
100,000(5)
489,000
Nicholas Khadder
01/30/2020(4)(6)
106,377118,197295,493
05/23/202065,000293,400
05/23/2020
60,000(5)
317,850
_________________________
(1)The target amounts shown in this column reflect our annual incentive plan awards provided under our 2020 Cash Incentive Program. The maximum amounts in this column reflect the greatest payouts that could be made if pre-established maximum performance levels were met or exceeded. Actual 2020 Cash Incentive Program payouts are reflected in the non-equity incentive plan compensation column of the Summary Compensation Table.
(2)Represents awards granted under our 2011 Plan.
(3)All amounts reported represent the grant date fair value of the equity awards, calculated in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 without regard to estimated forfeitures. See Note 13 of the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Form 10-K for a discussion of assumptions made in determining the grant date fair value.
(4)Corresponds to the date on which our Compensation Committee set the target cash incentive amounts payable to each of our executive officers pursuant to our 2020 Cash Incentive Program. Under our 2020 Cash Incentive Program, the payouts were based on achievement of Company and individual performance goals, as discussed in the section of our Compensation Discussion and Analysis titled “2020 Cash Incentive Program — Cash Incentive Program Structure.”
(5)Represents retention RSUs as discussed in the section of our Compensation Discussion and Analysis titled “2020 Retention Grants.”
(6)Mr. Khadder rejoined Fluidigm as Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary on April 27, 2020 and was eligible to participate in the 2020 Cash Incentive Program as of that date.

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OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR-END FOR 2020
The following table presents information concerning unexercised options and unvested stock awards outstanding as of December 31, 2020 for each NEO. Each outstanding equity award was granted pursuant to our 2011 Plan except where indicated. Vesting in all instances is subject to the NEO’s continued service through the applicable vesting date.
Stock OptionsStock Awards
NameNumber of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Exercisable
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Unexercisable
Equity
Incentive
Plan 
Awards:
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Unearned
Options (#)
Option
Exercise
Price
($)
Option
Expiration
Date
Number of
Shares or
Units of
Stock that
Have Not
Vested
(#)
Market
 Value of Shares or Units of Stock that Have Not Vested
 ($)(1)
Equity
Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Unearned
Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested
(#)
Equity
Incentive Plan Awards: Market or
Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested
($)(1)
Stephen Christopher
140,000(2)
4.9911/8/2026
3,167(3)
19,002
   Linthwaite
185,549(4)
3,9516.162/13/2027
46,878(5)
281,268
70,000(6)
5.139/20/2027
61,938(7)
371,628
65,665(8)
29,8356.333/19/2028
123,555(9)
741,330
310,000(10)
1,860,000
54,500(11)
327,000
114,607(12)
687,642
151,012(13)
906,072
Vikram Jog
85,577(4)
1,8236.162/13/2027
1,442(3)
8,652
1,541(6)
5.139/20/2027
13,506(5)
81,036
2,073(6)
5.139/20/2027
20,131(7)
120,786
3,444(6)
5.139/20/2027
38,250(9)
229,500
6,609(6)
5.139/20/2027
90,000(10)
540,000
8,941(6)
5.139/20/2027
15,700(11)
94,200
967(6)
5.139/20/2027
37,247(12)
223,482
18,909(8)
8,5916.333/19/2028
46,750(13)
280,500
Colin McCracken
25,978(14)(15)
155,868
15,313(15)
91,878
38,250(9)
229,500
120,000(10)
720,000
25,500(12))
153,000
46,750(13)
280,500
Bradley Kreger
66,672(14)(16)
33,3285.904/30/2028
18,750(14)(17)
112,500
20,131(7)
120,786
38,250(9)
229,500
100,000(10)
600,000
37,247(12)
223,482
46,750(13)
280,500
Nicholas Khadder(18)
65,000(19)
390,000
60,000(10)
360,000
_________________________
(1)Based on the closing price of our common stock of $6.00 per share on December 31, 2020, as reported on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, and the number of RSUs and PSUs that had not vested as of December 31, 2020.
(2)The option vests over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on October 19, 2017 and 1/48th of such shares vesting monthly thereafter until fully vested.
(3)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/12th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on May 20, 2017 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(4)The option vests over four years, with 5/16th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on March 1, 2018 and 1/48th of such shares vesting monthly thereafter until fully vested.
(5)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/16th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on August 20, 2018 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(6)The option vests over four years, with 1/12th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on February 20, 2018 and 1/12th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
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(7)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on February 20, 2020 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(8)The option vests over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on March 19, 2019 and 1/48th of such shares vesting monthly thereafter until fully vested.
(9)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on February 20, 2021 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(10)These Retention RSUs vest over three years, with one half of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on May 20, 2021 and 1/4th of such shares vesting every twelve months thereafter until fully vested.
(11)These PSUs become eligible to vest at the end of three years subject to the Company’s relative TSR performance against the Russell 3000 Index as of the beginning of 2018 during the performance period from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020. The percentage of PSUs that vest will depend on our relative position at the end of the performance period and can range from 0% to 200% of the number of units granted. The actual award amount earned and vested was 64,609 shares for Mr. Linthwaite and 18,612 shares for Mr. Jog.
(12)These PSUs become eligible to vest at the end of three years subject to the Company’s relative TSR performance against the Russell 3000 Index as of the beginning of 2019 during the performance period from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021. The percentage of PSUs that vest will depend on our relative position at the end of the performance period and can range from 0% to 200% of the number of units granted.
(13)These PSUs become eligible to vest at the end of three years subject to the Company’s relative TSR performance against the Russell 3000 Index as of the beginning of 2020 during the performance period from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2022. The percentage of PSUs that vest will depend on our relative position at the end of the performance period and can range from 0% to 200% of the number of units granted.
(14)Represents RSUs granted under our Inducement Plan.
(15)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on May 20, 2020 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(16)The option vests over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on April 2, 2019 and 1/48th of such shares vesting monthly thereafter until fully vested.
(17)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on May 20, 2019 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
(18)Mr. Khadder’s resignation from the Company in March 2020 resulted in the forfeiture of all of his unvested equity awards.
(19)The RSUs vest over four years, with 1/4th of the total number of shares subject thereto vesting on May 20, 2021 and 1/16th of such shares vesting every three months thereafter until fully vested.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
OPTION EXERCISES AND STOCK VESTED IN 2020
The following table provides additional information about the value realized by the NEOs upon option award exercises and the vesting of RSU awards during the year ended December 31, 2020.
Option AwardsStock Awards
NameNumber of
Shares
Acquired on
Exercise (#)
Value Realized on
Exercise ($)
Number of
Shares
Acquired on
Vesting (#)
Value Realized on
Vesting ($)
(1)
Stephen Christopher Linthwaite
98,424511,524
Vikram Jog
33,536174,474
Colin McCracken
24,773131,005
Bradley Kreger
28,156144,861
Nicholas Khadder